Discussion Questions

By the due date assigned, post your response to the assigned discussion questions in the below Discussion Area. It is important to support what you say with relevant citations in the APA format from both the course materials and outside resources. Include the South University Online Library in your research activities utilizing not only the nursing resource database, but also those pertaining to education, business, and human resources.

No later than by the end of the week, review and comment on the discussion question responses posted by at least two of your peers. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language. All comments should be posted to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area.

Discussion Question

Using the Excel Sheet and descriptive statistics page; you will write up your analysis for the 20 participants.

This week, you learned about the statistical software applications used to analyze data for research analysis. For this week’s discussion, you will use Excel sheet provide to run descriptive statistics, create graphs and respond to the following:

· How could you use Excel descriptive statistics for data analysis research?

· What are your plans for learning more about Excel and how will the information you learned about this software be of benefit in your future analysis of research data?

Refer to this week’s readings and video tutorials before starting this two part discussion question assignment. 

Step 1: Entering Data

Open a blank worksheet in the Excel program

You will now use Excel to view a sample dataset

Dataset Options

In many cases, researchers may have the data from their study in another software package like Microsoft Excel. However, if the data is not available in a software spreadsheet you can manually enter the data. Option 2: Manual Data Entry

In the Worksheet window, type “Age” in C1. Enter the numbers as shown in the dataset below. Enter the remaining data as shown below (set up your column labels i.e., variable). The measure reflects math anxiety and the study variables (cringe, uneasy, afraid, worried, understand) the math anxiety range is from 1–5 with low being the least and 5 the highest.

  

Age

Cringe

Uneasy

Afraid

Worried

Understand

 

28

5

3

4

4

3

 

34

2

5

3

2

1

 

25

4

4

4

2

5

 

56

3

4

3

1

2

 

23

5

4

3

3

4

 

29

1

5

3

 2

3

 

30

3

3

5

2

5

 

59

2

5

5

1

2

 

45

4

2

5

3

3

 

38

1

2

4

1

1

 

33

3

2

4

3

2

 

47

4

2

3

4

5

 

24

1

5

3

4

4

 

29

5

4

2

1

3

 

53

3

1

5

2

1

 

48

4

4

1

5

3

 

27

2

5

4

3

4

 

34

4

4

3

2

5

 

26

4

5

2

3

2

 

36

5

5

5

4

3

Step 2: Click on Excel tab for Add Ins; if you do not see statistics; you will need to open the file option; click on Add ins; click on ok; a box will open which will allow you to choose Statistics package; place a check mark in the box and click ok. How to Run Descriptive Statistics

Now that your data is in Excel, you will look at the descriptive statistics for this dataset. Select the data in all the columns except the top that has words for the columns; however you have the file already completed and a picture of the descriptive statistics..See end of page for a copy of the excel sheet and descriptive statistics output.

Discussion Question Part 1

How could you use Excel descriptive statistics for data analysis research? Write about your experience running descriptive statistics. Use the results in the Session Window to support your response. Then add to your discussion with the information you learn writing up your analysis.

Step 3: Excel and Graphs

You will now look at graphing. Select insert graph located at the top of the sheet; highlight the data you want to use for a chart; select the type of chart; select ok. Try using the histogram  feature for one of the variables and select “Ok”. You can create other Histogram graphs by choosing different variables. You can also choose from the other ten graph choices shown on the insert chart function.

Discussion Question Part 2

What are your plans for learning more about Excel and how will the information you learned about this software be of benefit in your future analysis of research data? Copy and paste your graph(s) in a Word document and attach to your discussion response.

Week 9 Discussion

 


Previous 



Next 

Discussion Questions

By the due date assigned, post your response to the assigned discussion questions in the below Discussion Area. It is important to support what you say with relevant citations in the APA format from both the course materials and outside resources. Include the South University Online Library in your research activities utilizing not only the nursing resource database, but also those pertaining to education, business, and human resources.

No later than by the end of the week, review and comment on the discussion question responses posted by at least two of your peers. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language. All comments should be posted to the appropriate topic in this Discussion Area.

Discussion Question

Using the Excel Sheet and descriptive statistics page; you will write up your analysis for the 20 participants.

This week, you learned about the statistical software applications used to analyze data for research analysis. For this week’s discussion, you will use Excel sheet provide to run descriptive statistics, create graphs and respond to the following:

· How could you use Excel descriptive statistics for data analysis research?

· What are your plans for learning more about Excel and how will the information you learned about this software be of benefit in your future analysis of research data?

Refer to this week’s readings and video tutorials before starting this two part discussion question assignment. 

Step 1: Entering Data

Open a blank worksheet in the Excel program

You will now use Excel to view a sample dataset

Dataset Options

In many cases, researchers may have the data from their study in another software package like Microsoft Excel. However, if the data is not available in a software spreadsheet you can manually enter the data. Option 2: Manual Data Entry

In the Worksheet window, type “Age” in C1. Enter the numbers as shown in the dataset below. Enter the remaining data as shown below (set up your column labels i.e., variable). The measure reflects math anxiety and the study variables (cringe, uneasy, afraid, worried, understand) the math anxiety range is from 1–5 with low being the least and 5 the highest.

<

 Age

 Cringe

 Uneasy

 Afraid

 Worried

Variable

N

N*

Mean

SE Mean

StDev

Min

Q1

Median

Q3

Maximum

Age

20

0

36.2

2.512

11.232

23

27.250

33.500

46.5

59.000

Cringe

20

0

3.25

0.3067

1.3717

1

2.0000

3.5000

4.00

5.0000

Uneasy

20

0

3.70

0.2911

1.3018

1

2.2500

4.0000

5.00

5.0000

Afraid

20

0

3.55

0.2562

1.1459

1

3.0000

3.5000

4.75

5.0000

Worried

20

0

2.65

0.2542

1.1367

1

2.0000

2.5000

3.75

5.0000

Running head: PROPOSAL 1

RESEARCH PROJECT PROPOSAL 1

Research Project Proposal

Rainel Leon

South University Online

Research Project Proposal

Methodology

Sampling/Setting

This research will be conducted in 150 patients aging 65 years or more admitted to Jackson Memorial Hospital Florida, with the confirmed diagnosis of Congestive Heart Failure to investigate the impact of a comprehensive teaching about the reduction of sodium consumption over the readmission rate because decompensating Cardiac Heart Failure. The Center is comprised of a Cardiology Division, a Cardiothoracic Surgery Division and the Arrhythmia Syncope Center. Among others this hospital has several services including Cardiac Catheterization, Percutaneous coronary angioplasty, cutting balloon angioplasty, coronary peripheral stenting, rotoblator atheretomy, electrophysiology, defibrillator and pacemaker implants, etc. As the hospital and the Heart Center bring together the collaborative efforts of highly skilled professional most of the patients have 65 years or more, and most of them came the hospital with cardiac issues.

Sampling Strategy

Convenience sampling will be used to include individuals selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria that reflects the population as identified in the problem statement. Consecutive admissions will be screened daily to identify eligible patients, who will require an admission diagnosis of HF made no longer than 3 months and being discharged home. These patients’ medical records will be reviewed to verify the patient’s diagnosis for HF has being made in a period no longer than 3 months. Patients excluded will be those with HF as a secondary diagnosis; patients with a HF diagnosis made longer than 3 months; patients with terminal illness in addition to HF; patients being discharged other place than home; and patients non able to give consent or without an identified proxy to give consent. The total sample will consist of 200 individuals to include in two groups to follow a research design.

Research design

The type of design to be used will be is a quantitative quasi experimental pretest posttest study to assess the effect of the proposed intervention on the rate of hospital readmissions in adults 65 years and older diagnosed with Congestive Heart Failure in JMH Hospital. A quantitative quasi experimental design will be used. Only one intervention will be applied in both groups; the intervention will be providing a comprehensive teaching about the reduction of sodium on diet to prevent decompensating C