please read the instructions for week 2 discussion . Also read the recommendation by the instructor related to the discussion of week 1 so we dont do the same mistake 

PLEASE before doing this assignment “ READ the other file which is a recommendation for improvement related to week 2 assigment” email me if you have questions

Week 2: Appraising Quantitative Research

Download the Johns Hopkins Research Evidence Appraisal Tool and the Johns Hopkins Individual Evidence Summary Tool located in Student Resource Center located in “Project & Practicum Resources.”

Select one of the eight practice problems that burden the overall health of the United States. * WE already used Diabetes type II ( DM2) lets keep this topic. Conduct a library search for
one quantitative research study
addressing this problem. Appraise the quantitative research study using the Johns Hopkins Research Evidence Appraisal Tool.

After
appraising and determining the Level of Evidence
and Grade of Quality for your selected quantitative study, summarize your findings. Transfer your findings to the Johns Hopkins Individual Evidence Summary Tool. Complete each column including specific details about the
quantitative
study.

Include your completed Johns Hopkins Individual Evidence Summary Tool
 and your
quantitative research study
as an attachment with your initial post. Also, include a permalink for your selected quantitative research study with your initial discussion post. Confirm the link allows access to the full-text study article. Our faculty team will review both your research study and Johns Hopkins Individual Evidence Summary Tool and provide guidance.

Analyze the evidence summary of the selected
quantitative
research study to address the following.

· Does the research design answer the research question? Explain your rationale.

· Were the study sample participants representative? Why or why not?

· Compare and contrast the study limitations in this study.

· Based on this evidence summary, would you consider this quantitative research study as support for your selected practice problem? Explain your rationale.

Please review the 
Graduate Discussion Grading Guidelines and Rubric (Links to an external site.)
 for complete discussion requirements.

For the Discussion board we need
3

Scholarly sources , no older than 5 years old, IN APA format 6 edition

Hi Leonard,

Thank you for this contribution to the Week 1 discussion!

A couple of important suggestions for your consideration:

Related to your selected qualitative research study for week 1, please allow me to provide guidance.


Fink et al. (2019
) published an exploratory qualitative research study using grounded theory as the methodology to capture the subjective experiences of persons with Type II Diabetes within their social and cultural contexts and reviewing these experiences to arrive at an understanding of individuals’ perceptions of the disease and their adjustment to the diagnosis. The study was conducted as a
single-centre, cross-sectional qualitative study in Halle/Saale, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, a high-risk area for Type II Diabetes morbidity

Please take this opportunity to review the Week 1 Lesson – Prepare and Explore – to confirm what constitutes a primary qualitative research study. Please revisit the expectations when PhD nurse researchers conduct a
qualitative study
using the elements of grounded theory to capture the subjective experiences of persons with Type II Diabetes within their social and cultural contexts. Also, please revisit why grounded theory is the appropriate qualitative research design to review these experiences in order to arrive at an understanding of individuals’ perceptions of the disease and their adjustment to the diagnosis of Type II Diabetes

It is imperative that you take time to review the expected sample size in qualitative research studies
with particular attention to the grounded theory methodology.
Qualitative research
studies have no connection with generalizability. The study findings are never utilized through the lens of generalizing study findings to different age groups, genders, locations in the U.S or world, or ethnicity. Based on your response to the discussion questions, it appears you conclude this study is not a good fit for your articulation of Type II Diabetes through the social process lens of patients with the diagnosis. If your decision is to reject this study over sample size and generalizability, you
need to secure a replacement qualitative research study
. Yet, based on the reality of qualitative research studies, I encourage your review of the Week 1 course content before making this decision. Let me know if you have any questions about this.

Lastly, whatever decision you to keep or retain this
qualitative research study
, your JH Evidence Summary Tool needs to be strengthened. Each column will be strengthened when taking another look at your study details and using the resources that assist with preparing a JH Evidence Summary Tool. Examples demonstrating what is required in eac

Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice

Appendix E

Research Evidence Appraisal Tool


Evidence level and quality rating:


Enter level and quality rating

Article title: Article Title

Number: Article Number

Author(s): Authors names

Publication date: Date

Journal: Journal

Setting: Setting

Sample: Sample composition/size

Does this evidence address my EBP question? ☐Yes

☐No-Do not proceed with appraisal of this evidence

Is this study:

QuaNtitative (collection, analysis, and reporting of numerical data)
Measurable data (how many; how much; or how often) used to formulate facts, uncover patterns in research, and generalize results from a larger sample population; provides observed effects of a program, problem, or condition, measured precisely, rather than through researcher interpretation of data. Common methods are surveys, face-to-face structured interviews, observations, and reviews of records or documents. Statistical tests are used in data analysis.

Go to

Section I: QuaNtitative

QuaLitative (collection, analysis, and reporting of narrative data)
Rich narrative documents are used for uncovering themes; describes a problem or condition from the point of view of those experiencing it. Common methods are focus groups, individual interviews (unstructured or semi structured), and participation/observations. Sample sizes are small and are determined when data saturation is achieved. Data saturation is reached when the researcher identifies that no new themes emerge and redundancy is occurring. Synthesis is used in data analysis. Often a starting point for studies when little research exists; may use results to design empirical studies. The researcher describes, analyzes, and interprets reports, descriptions, and observations from participants.

Go to

Section II: QuaLitative

Mixed methods (results reported both numerically and narratively)
Both quaNtitative and quaLitative methods are used in the study design. Using both approaches, in combination, provides a better understanding of research problems than using either approach alone. Sample sizes vary based on methods used. Data collection involves collecting and analyzing both quaNtitative and quaLitative data in a single study or series of studies. Interpretation is continual and can influence stages in the research process.
Go to

Section III: Mixed Methods

Practice Question:

Date:

Article Number

Author and Date

Evidence Type

Sample, Sample Size, Setting

Findings That Help Answer the EBP Question

Observable Measures

Limitations

Evidence Level, Quality

· N/A

· N/A

· N/A

· N/A

· N/A

· N/A

· N/A

Attach a reference list with full citations of articles reviewed for this Practice question.

Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice

Appendix G: Individual Evidence Summary Tool

The Johns Hopkins Hospital/ The Johns Hopkins University

1

Directions for Use of the Individual Evidence Summary Tool

Purpose

This form is used to document the results of evidence appraisal in preparation for evidence synthesis. The form provides the EBP team with documentation of the sources of evidence used, the year the evidence was published or otherwise communicated, the information gathered from each evidence source that helps the team answer the EBP question, and the level and quality of each source of evidence.

Article Number

Assign a number to each reviewed source of evidence. This organizes the individual evidence summary and provides an easy way to reference articles.

Author and Date

Indicat

Marianne E. Olson, PhD, RN

Associate Professor • Chamberlain University

Course Lead – NR714

College of Health Professions

NR714 Application of Analytic Methods II
Let’s Check In: Tips for Success

Week 2

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Let’s Check In: Tips For Success
Format

The Journey – DNP Practice Change Project

Relevancy of NR714 course content

This week’s content, discussion, assessment

Tips for week 2

Resources

Let’s look to week 3

2

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3

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Filters

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Resources – Tips for Success

Resources

CCN Library

CINAHL; PsychInfo; PubMed; Cochrane Collaboration

Keywords are critical to retrieving research studies

APA formatting

Grammarly

Tutor.com

TurnItIn

Q&A Forum

4

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5

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Filters

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Let’s Look at Week 2: Tips for Success

Quantitative Research

Rich paradigm with many research designs

The researcher selects the research design based on the research question

Descriptive; quasi-experimental; experimental;

Research methods are appropriate to the intention of quantitative research

Prediction

Sampling plan; sample size; data collection; data analysis; rigor

Quantitative research evidence

Lends support to the articulation of a practice problem

8 national practice problems

heart disease; COPD; diabetes; obesity; cancer; mental illness; addiction (alcohol; opioid); patient safety (immunizations; falls; skin; errors; infection)

6

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Let’s Look at Week 2: Tips for Success

A few reminders as you work on the Week 2 discussion. Each reminder relates to the importance and role of published quantitative research in the design of a practice change project. 

     – You will not design or create the intervention you use in your future practice change project. 

     – The research-proven intervention /evidence-based intervention you use in your future practice change project is located in a published quantitative research study. 

     – The research-proven intervention/evidence-based interventio