Title off Discussion of week 2 : ” Making judgement as to whether a theory could be adapted for use in research is very important.  Describe the internal and external criticism that is used to evaluate middle range theories. “

 Evaluating middle-range theories is an essential part of advancing the nursing field of study. It helps ensure that the appropriate concepts are used in research tasks, leading to accurate and useful data gathering and interpretation. This is done by examining the theory’s internal consistency, coherence, and empirical accuracy, as well as its external validity and comparability to other theories and empirical data. Further, it is essential to evaluate the theory’s parsimony.

            Internal criticism is essential to evaluating a theory’s logical consistency, coherence, and empirical accuracy. This type of criticism involves examining the internal structure of a theory to determine its logic, consistency, and coherence. Examining the theory’s assumptions, ideas, and hypotheses is part of this process. Examining the conceptual definitions and connections between ideas in a theory is an important part of internal critique. This ensures that any inconsistencies or gray areas inside the idea are identified and addressed (Khoshnood, Rayyani & Tirgari, 2020). A logical contradiction may exist, for instance, if a theory defines a notion in one manner and then utilizes it differently. It can also be challenging to grasp a theory and apply it to empirical evidence if its notions are not well-defined or are too ambiguous.

            External criticism is essential to evaluating a theory’s external validity or how well it applies to other settings or populations. This critique looks at how well a theory generalizes by contrasting it with other ideas and evidence. Evaluation of a theory’s external validity involves testing its assumptions, ideas, and hypotheses in various contexts and with other populations. A key aspect of external criticism is the evaluation of a theory’s assumptions (Smith, 2019). A theory’s assumptions are the basic ideas or beliefs upon which it rests. A theory’s external validity can be compromised, for instance, if it presupposes that all members of a given population act in the same manner. Any further challenge in evaluating the generalizability of a theory arises if its underlying assumptions are either poorly defined or too nebulous.

Conclusion

Nursing theory is always developing, and as a result, evaluation of intermediate ideas is essential. One approach to nursing theory that seeks to bridge the gap between research and practice is “middle-range nursing.” Compared to other types of theories, such as the grand theories of nursing, middle-range theories are simple to put into practice because they are more detailed, have a clearer focus, and have a narrower scope. Both external and internal critique examines the efficacy of midrange ideas.

Reference :

 Khoshnood, Z., Rayyani, M., & Tirgari, B. (2020). Theory analysis for Pender’s health     promotion model (HPM) by Barnum’s criteria: a critical perspective. International    journal of adolescent medicine and health32(4).

Smith, M. C. (2019). Nursing theories and nursing practice. FA Davis.

MSN-FNP

Discussion Rubric

Criteria

Does Not Meet (0%)

Approaches (60%)

Meets 80%

Exceeds (100%)

Total

Initial Post relevance to the topic of discussion, applicability, and insight. (20%)

0

The student does not provide
coverage of discussion topic (s); the student
does not address the requirements of the weekly discussion. Provide
redundant information. The posting
does not apply to the course concepts or
no example provided from the material explored during the weekly reading or from other relevant examples from the clinical practice.

The student does not show applied knowledge and understanding of the discussion topic. The student’s initial thread response does not reflect critical thinking.

12

The student provides
partial coverage of discussion topic (s),
does not provide
clarity on the key concepts; the student
does not address all of the requirements of the weekly discussion. Provide
redundant information. The posting
does not apply to the course concepts or
no example provided from the material explored during the weekly reading or from other relevant examples from the clinical practice. The student shows
some applied knowledge and understanding of the discussion topic. The student’s initial thread response does not reflect critical thinking. The discussion topic is vaguely covered and does not adequately demonstrate an accurate understanding of concepts.

16

The student provides complete coverage of discussion topic (s), provide clarity on the key concepts, demonstrated in the information presented; the student addresses all of the requirements of the weekly discussion question with adequate attention to details with some redundancy. The posting applies course concepts without examples learned from the material provided during the weekly reading or other relevant examples from the clinical practice. The student is still showing applied knowledge and understanding of the topic. Also,