Unit V Assignment

  • Weight: 10% of course grade
Instructions

In this unit, you will continue to research the health issue identified in the Unit I Assignment. As you carry on with your research, address the following:

  • Apply the social cognitive theory, health belief model, or theory of planned behavior to the health issue that you chose, depending on which one is most appropriate.
  • Discuss your decision to choose the theory you did over the others.
  • Analyze your role as a public health professional in each construct of the theory or model chosen (what are your action items?).

Your assignment should be at least three pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. You must use at least two sources to complete this assignment. All sources used, including your textbook, must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations must be in APA style. 

 Unit VI Assignment

  • Weight: 10% of course grade
Instructions

In the last five units, you have researched many different factors that should be considered when trying to choose an intervention strategy that best supports a specific health issue within a target population. In this unit, you will decide what intervention would work best for your community. Make sure to address the following items.

  • Identify the intervention strategy you think is best to introduce to your community in order to change health behavior as it relates to the health issue you chose in Unit I. Make sure to explain the reasoning behind why this strategy was chosen.
  • State a minimum of one goal with two objectives for the intervention strategy. Remember, the goal will focus on what and the objective will determine how.
  • Identify the setting in which the intervention will take place. Why was this chosen?
  • Identify community resources needed for the intervention.
  • Develop a timeline for the implementation of the intervention.

Your assignment should be at least three pages in length, not counting the title or reference pages. You must use at least two outside sources to complete this assignment. All sources used, including your textbook must be referenced; paraphrased and quoted material must have accompanying citations. All references and citations must be in APA style. 

PUH 5304, Health Behavior 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit V

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

1. Appraise the theoretical models used to define health behavior principles.
1.1 Apply the best theory/model to a chosen health issue.
1.2 Analyze the role of a health professional when identifying theories and models to be applied to

health issues.

Course/Unit
Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity

1.1
Unit Lesson
Chapter 7
Unit V Assignment

1.2
Unit Lesson
Chapter 7
Unit V Assignment

Reading Assignment

Chapter 7: Social Cognitive Theory Applied to Health Behavior

Unit Lesson

In the previous unit, we took an in-depth look at the transtheoretical model of change (TMC) and the role that
it plays in health behavior. The TMC is only one of many models and frameworks that are related to health
behavior. The reading in this unit goes in-depth on the social cognitive theory (SCT) which relates individuals
and their environment to their health behavior. In additional to the SCT, there is another model and another
theory that should be highlighted for their importance in health behavior: the health belief model and the
theory of planned behavior.

Health Belief Model

The health belief model (HBM) focuses on a person’s belief of if he or she is at risk of getting ill or having a
health issue. It is also based on how much he or she believes a recommended health behavior will be
effective at preventing the illness or health issue. It is those benefits that will predict the likelihood of a person
adopting a specific behavior (Glanz, Rimer & Viswanath, 2015). The HBM was developed by social
psychologists at the U.S. Public Health Service in the early 1950s (DiClemente, Salazar, & Crosby, 2019).
The psychologists were trying to understand why people did not participate in disease prevention strategies or
early detection screenings. In a clinical setting, the HBM has been used to understand how patients
responded to the health symptoms they were having and why they are or are not compliant with a physician’s
treatment orders (DiClemente et al., 2019). The psychological and behavioral theories are at the foundation of
the HBM (Carpenter, 2010). There are two main aspects to the model:

1. the desire to not want to get sick or the will to want to get well if already sick, and
2. how much a person believes that taking a specific health-related action will prevent him or her from

getting sick or turning a health issue around that he or she may already have (Carpenter, 2010).

In a nutshell, the HBM focuses on the idea that the health behavior a person chooses to engage in depends
upon a person’s perception of the benefits and barriers he or she will encounter if a specific health behavior is
chosen. The HBM is comprised of

PUH 5304, Health Behavior 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VI

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

5. Examine health behavior intervention strategies.
5.1 Assess the many aspects that accompany intervention planning such as goals and objectives,

setting, community resources, and timelines.
5.2 Identify an intervention strategy that relates to intervention implementation within a community.

Course/Unit
Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity

5.1
Unit Lesson
Chapter 12
Unit VI Assignment

5.2
Unit Lesson
Chapter 12
Unit VI Assignment

Reading Assignment

Chapter 12: Translating Research to Practice: Putting “What Works” to Work

Unit Lesson

In Unit V, we addressed how theories and models such as the social cognitive theory, the health behavior
model, and the theory of planned behavior play a role in intervention planning. This unit, we will build on the
foundation of theories and models and look at how to be strategic in determining interventions. The reading
highlights the concerns that health educators should have as it relates to the design and evaluation process to
determine the successfulness of interventions for a given health behavior.

Intervention Strategizing

When a health educator is developing an intervention strategy to help with a particular health behavior, there
are a few key factors to consider: identifying the target population, selecting a setting, setting goals and
objectives, and identifying resources and a timeline. Each of these factors are a concern for health educators
when developing interventions (Powell et al., 2017).

Target population: Who are you planning the intervention for? Are there any special needs? For instance,
adolescents have special needs because they are in school during the day, so an intervention for them would
need to be after school, on the weekend, or through the school. An intervention for seniors should be held
during the day because seniors normally shy away from being out at dusk or dark. If the intervention were for
the working population, there would be better attendance in the evenings or weekends. The goal with
determining the population for the intervention is to think of alleviating any barriers that may affect most of the
population (Powell et al., 2017).

Setting: Where will the intervention be held? Is there handicap access for seniors or elevator accessibility? Is
the location easily accessible? Is there public parking? What is the room reservation process? Is the setting
outdoors, and if so, are there backup plans in case of bad weather? As the health educator, you should take
into account the best setting to meet the needs of the population that has been identified (Nilsen, 2015).

UNIT VI STUDY GUIDE

Interventions for Health Behavior

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