I have attached the short papers written for this course along with the RUBIC for this paper. Please see in the instructions for the paper. Select any of the health programs to evaluate. 

Thank you for your help.

Instructions

Select any sexual health program that has been evaluated. In 3–4 pages, describe the project. What were the results of the evaluation of the project? What were future recommendations and implications for project?

Technology to Use and How to Promote Information on STSs

By. Kristi Felch

Cases of Sexually Transmitted Infections have increasingly been heard in young people. A study has shown that in twelfth grade, about 65% of the students in high school will have engaged in sexual intercourse and five of them, one might have more than four sexual partners, this became the reason why they are the target and the most vulnerable people to such infections like syphilis, gonorrhea, and others. After high school, the numbers continue to increase. Young people especially teenagers and young adults are caught up in the situation because of the make decisions and act in ways that put them in risks of getting STIs.

Such young people are likely to have many sex partners, usually choose to engage in unprotected sex, most of them are exposed to drug and alcohol abuse and while under the influence of the drugs or alcohol, and they end up engaging in activities that make them vulnerable to contracting STIs. Coming up with statistics of how many STIs that are occurring among young people is not an easy task since many of the infections are silent with no noticeable symptoms. As a result, the only way to diagnose them is through testing. However, routine screening programs are not widespread to mean that no every teenager can access any, social stigma and lack of public awareness is another hindrance for open discussions between the health care nurses and the victims about the risk associated with the infections and why testing is essential. The young generation for this reason, therefore, have always bored a large portion of the burden of STIs. This will paper will talk about the technology, and the outlet used to give insights on STIs health problem to the young people which include creating a program with information to read and audios to listen to and using the blog to market it so that the target population can get information in the comfort of their homes.

To help young people from suffering so much, I will create a blog that will major and round up all the issues related to STIs. In this platform, young people will get educated on matters concerning STIs and any questions they will have will be answered through the blog. The blog will open a platform where questions are received worldwide, and contributions from various experts on the issues are welcomed.

While talking STIs can be beneficial since it is educative, but it is true that the infections come from having unprotected sex and that is why the blog will also involve discussions concerning condoms and their importance as well as when to use and not to use them. The blog will help young people talk freely without the fear of stigmatization from the society since there is no physical contact. Getting used to talking about sex and protection can help the young people open up to their doctors whenever they have problems on

Mobile Population and Sexual Health in China

Recently China has been facing mass migration of people within the country and people from other countries moving to China due to rapid industrialization which the country has realized. China has been rapidly constructing industries attracting investors as well as workers who want to work in the various firms. However, due to the large population, sexual health among the mobile population has brought concerns to the health sector and the public in general.

Many migrants lacked information about a sexual and reproductive health issue. According to (Zheng et al., 2001), about 65% had heard about the existence of STIs diseases but didn’t know the numerous examples of the STIs. Approximately 75% had not used contraceptive methods in their sexual lives. In the survey, about 14% of those who had sex in the month of the survey had used condoms (Zheng, et al., 2001). Factors which have promoted such worrying statistics among the migrants in China are attributed to the cultural, social and ethical practices of the mobile population.

Cultural factors that have led to lack of sexual health awareness involve the beliefs and values people consider as important to their sexual lives. Rampant sexual activities in China have associated with beliefs that sexual activities enhance emotional, psychological and physical health (Zheng, et al., 2001). Many people believe that low sexual activity was a risk factor for prostate cancer in men and breast cancer in women. The increased sexual activity could raise blood flow in the penis, and decrease the potential of acquiring hypertension, cardiovascular events, better homeostasis and even higher quality of life (Lin et al., 2005). The use of sexual acts as a source of physical pleasure and source of joy has boosted sexual activity among the China population and has tremendously interfered with sexual health as recommended by the health sectors.

Social factors form the majority factors which promotes rampant sexual activities among migrants. Taking into consideration the fact that the mobile populations are mostly new people in an area, the change of environment and interaction with newer people leads to the formation of a new relationship among the population. The education background of such people is of low level thus most lack knowledge on the use of condoms, drugs or other protective measures to mitigate risks of unhealthy sex (Choi et al., 2004). Age is also another factor which has proved a determinant of rampant sexual activities whereby the young adults leads (Zheng, et al., 2001). Young adults are more sexually active than aging population. The other factor involves the fact that as the migrants are moving, they are idle as they look for jobs so they have more time to look for partners and practice sex (Choi et al., 2004). Demographics and the varying races and ethnicity promote sex among the

Influences of Sexual Behaviors among Sex Workers

Sexual behavior among people especially commercial sex workers are influenced by numerous factors. Some of these factors are inclined towards `culture, social and ethical issues in the community. Nearly all human beings engage in sexual encounters, but sex workers are a group of people who expose themselves to sexual activities for commercial purposes. Culture is one of the fundamental aspects that contribute to the behavior of commercial sex workers. Cultural practices and norms of a given society play a role in this group’s behavior. For instance, cultural norms and traditions regarding sexuality between males and females are explained in terms of impact on early sexual socialization and ideation (Lawoyim & Kanthula, 2010). Many cultures and traditions across the globe leave a wide economic gap between males and females. Females are more disadvantaged socially and economically and this makes them vulnerable to sexual encounters for sustainability purposes.

Additionally, sexual socialization and ideation of females by males influences sexual behavior. Position of women in the society occasionally subjects them to little or no power at all to negotiate on issues regarding sexuality and sexual health. Furthermore, they are viewed as subordinate to their male counterparts hence socialized to remain obedient, loyal and tend to the family (Lawoyim & Kanthula, 2010). This means that they are required to remain submissive to men and this greatly influences sexual behavior and tendencies. This usually puts pressure and stress on the female population, which drives them to commit to engage in other anti-social practices such as drug use.

In certain communities and groups of population, the use of alcohol and other illegal hard substances influences sexual behavior among people. In regions particularly dominated by high population of migrant males and female sex workers, FSW’s alcohol use contributes significantly to engaging in sexual activity (Verma et al., 2010). The use of alcoholic drinks alongside other hard drugs especially by commercial sex workers influences the aspect of sexual intercourse in the society. In fact, more than half the populations of commercial sex workers consume alcohol prior to sexual contact.

In conclusion, culture, social, moral and ethical issues do dictate and influence attitude and behavior of commercial sex workers in a society. The manner in which cultural norms are set- up and followed by a community matters a lot regarding issues of sexuality and influences. Subordination of the female gender greatly contributes to challenges of social and economic nature, which drives and influences the sexual behavior of sex workers.

References

Lawoyin, O. O., & Kanthula, R. M. (2010). Factors that influence attitudes and sexual behavior among constituency youth workers in Oshana Region, Namibia. <

IHP 323 Short Paper Rubric


Requirements of Submission:
Short paper assignments must follow these formatting guidelines: double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and discipline-appropriate citations. Page length requirements: 1–2 pages.

Critical Elements

Proficient

1

Accomplished

.88

Benchmark

.8

Main Elements

Includes all of the main elements and requirements and cites multiple examples to illustrate each element.

Includes most of the main elements and requirements and cites many examples to illustrate each element.

Includes some of the main elements and requirements.

Inquiry and Analysis

Provides in-depth analysis that demonstrates complete understanding of multiple concepts.

Provides in-depth analysis that demonstrates complete understanding of some concepts.

Provides in-depth analysis that demonstrates complete understanding of minimal concepts.

Integration and Application

All of the course concepts are correctly applied.

Most of the course concepts are correctly applied.

Some of the course concepts are correctly applied.

Research

Incorporates many scholarly resources effectively that reflect depth and breadth of research.

Incorporates some scholarly resources effectively that reflect depth and breadth of research.

Incorporates very few scholarly resources that reflect depth and breadth of research.

Writing

(Mechanics/Citations)

No errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citations.

Minor errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citations.

Some errors related to organization, grammar and style, and citations.

According to the CDC the HIV/AIDS reports, African-Americans are disproportionately affected by HIV/AIDS and disparity continues to widen. African Americans represent approximately 12% of the U.S. population, but they account for approximately 43% of HIV diagnoses. The African-Americans who die of HIV/Aids represents 44% of the deaths in the U.S. The worst hit category are the black women, the youths, gays and bisexual men. Dr. Donna Hubbard McCree (2013) notes that HIV/AIDS epidemics among the blacks results from factors including poverty, lack of awareness of HIV status, stigma that prevent the majority from seeking help, high rate of sexually transmitted infection, sexual networks, lack of access to adequate health care and lack sexual education among the most affected population.

Even though recent reports demonstrate encouraging trends of reducing HIV infections among the black population, new diagnoses still occur among the black gay and bisexual men. Therefore, even with continued intervention, disproportionate trends continue among the black population continue to be reported. For example, according to the 2016 KFF reports, the number of HIV diagnoses per 100,000 of black population was 43.6 as compared to 5.2 of the whites while the Latinos were also 17.0 (Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018). From this information, the black population continue to register the highest HIV infection where Black men register the highest new diagnoses of 82.8 per 100,000 of the population (Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018).

HIV transmission vary by race and ethnicity. The gay population accounts for the largest new HIV case infections, as compared to heterosexuality. For example, approximately 58% new cases of HIV infection among the Blacks in 2016 was attributed male-male sexual intercourse while 14% was attributed to heterosexual intercourse (Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018). The reminder 28% of the cases were attributed to other causes such as the drug injections.

Regarding gender and race, black women are infected with HIV through heterosexual intercourse. The rate infection among black women is 15 times that of white women. Therefore, from these statistics, the black women account for the largest share of women living with HIV and AIDs (Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018). Even though there is reportedly high rates of HIV infections among Black women, data shows that their rate of infection continued to go down because of response to interventions since 2008. Unfortunately, Black teens and Black young adults account aged 13-24 account for approximately half of the HIV infections suggesting that they are the populations who are proactively involved with sex and a risk factor for HIV infections (Henry, J. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2018).

Do you feel the assessment was an appropriate tool? If so, why, and how could it be beneficial? If not, what were the drawbacks of the assessments?

The Female Sexual Function Index comes out as an assessment tool which mainly focuses on women, therefore, accomplishing its intended purpose. Each of the 19 items tested by the series of questions in the questionnaire touches on the sexual experiences of women prior to, during, or before sexual intercourse making it an appropriate tool to measure the sexual functioning of women. This tool is beneficial for clinical diagnosis of female sexual dysfunction and can be used to identify signs and symptoms of female orgasmic disorder (FOD) and hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) in women (Metson, 2003).

How? The series of questions focuses on six domains which are; desire, arousal, lubrication, orgasm, satisfaction, and pain. Each of the questions is classified under either domain mainly focusing on the female experiences over time. For example, when it comes to desire, there are two questions which ask about the frequency of sexual desire in the past one month as well as the degree of sexual desire over the same time period. Thus, we can argue that each of the domains has been intensively investigated to come up with the most viable result to be used for the relevant clinical purposes. Besides this, the assessment tool is reliable and relevant since it can be used to indicate different variables in each of the tested domains. The different responses for every question have been assigned different scores which are consistent with the kind of feedback which is to be expected.

References

Cindy M. Metson, (2003). Validation of the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) in Women with Female Orgasmic Disorder and in Women with Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder. Retrieved from
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2872178/