A. Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of TWO QUALITATIVE RESEARCH STUDIES. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a RATIONALE, INCLUDE EXAMPLES, and REFERENCE CONTENTS FROM THE STUDIES IN YOUR RESPONSES.

B. Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research articles you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.

C. In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.

Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.

This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Rubic_Print_Format

Course Code Class Code Assignment Title Total Points
NRS-433V NRS-433V-O500 Rough Draft Qualitative Research Critique and Ethical Considerations 190.0
Criteria Percentage 1: Unsatisfactory (0.00%) 2: Less Than Satisfactory (75.00%) 3: Satisfactory (83.00%) 4: Good (94.00%) 5: Excellent (100.00%) Comments Points Earned
Content 75.0%
Qualitative Studies 5.0% Only one article is presented. Neither of the articles presented use qualitative research. Two articles are presented. Of the articles presented, only one article is based on qualitative research. N/A N/A Two articles are presented. Both articles are based on qualitative research.
Background of Study 10.0% Background of study, including problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research questions, is incomplete. Background of study, including problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research questions, is included but lacks relevant details and explanation. Background of study, including problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research questions, is partially complete and includes some relevant details and explanation. Background of study, including problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research questions, is complete and includes relevant details and explanation. Background of study, including problem, significance to nursing, purpose, objective, and research questions, is thorough with substantial relevant details and extensive explanation.
Article Support of Nursing Practice Issue 15.0% Discussion on how articles support the PICOT question is incomplete. A summary of how articles support the PICOT question is presented. It is unclear how the articles can be used to answer the proposed PICOT question. Significant information and detail are required. A general discussion on how articles support the PICOT question is presented. The articles demonstrate general support in answering the proposed PICOT question. It is unclear how the interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in the PICOT question. Some rational or information is needed. A discussion on how articles support the PICOT question is presented. The articles demonstrate support in answering the proposed PICOT question. The interventions and comparison groups in the articles compare to those identified in the PICOT question. Minor detail or rational is needed for clarity or support. A clear discussion on how articles support the PICOT ques

Copyright © eContent Management Pty Ltd. Intemational foumal of Multiple Reseawh Approaches (2007) 1: 52-71.

Psychiatric nurses’ knowledge and
attitudes toward the use of physical

restraint on older patients in
psychiatric wards

WAI-TONG CHIEN
Associate Professor, The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong,
Hong Kong SAR

ISABELLA YM LEE
Ward Manager, Department of Geriatrics and Medicine, Tuen Mun Hospital, Hong Kong SAR

ABSTRACT
Background: There is still an ongoing debate concerning whether or not to use physical restraint
with confused or frail older patients in various elderly care settings. Nurses’ views and attitudes
toward the use of physical restraints in controlling patients’ behavior and ensuring patient safety
may create conflicts with patients’ rights, including their autonomy in making decisions for their
own care.

Aims of the study: The purposes of this study were to identify registered psychiatric nurses’ knowl-
edge, attitudes and practice issues regarding the use of physical restraints in Hong Kong, and to
examine the factors influencing nurses’ decisions to use restraints on their patients. The findings on
the nurses’ knowledge, attitudes and practice issues were compared with those found in the USA.

Methods: This descriptive exploratory study was conducted in two psycho-geriatric wards of one of
the two mental hospitals in Hong Kong, using a mixed research design. The study consisted of two •
phases: first, 42 registered psychiatric nurses completed a self administered questionnaire to exam-
ine their practice, knowledge and attitudes towards restraint use; and second, data were collected
from semi-structured interviews of 15 of them, from observations of their restraint practices, and
from an examination of clinical records which were then content analyzed to explore what deter-
mined nurses’ decisions to use restraints on the older patients.

Results: Results from the questionnaires and semi-structured interviews indicated that about two-
thirds of nurses believed that patients should be restrained for their own safety and to ensure treat-
ment compliance, even if being restrained meant loss of dignity and was resisted by patients and/or
their family members. Overall, the nurses in this study demonstrated only a modest level of knowl-
edge of restraint use and slightly negative attitudes toward this practice.

Four major themes relating to nurses’ decisions about restraint use were identified from the qual-
itative data, showing considerable similarities and thus conftrming the quantitative ftndings.

5 2 INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MULTIPLE RESEARCH APPROACHES Volume 1, Issue 1, October 2007

Psychiatric nurses’ knowledge and attitudes toward the use of physical restraint on older patients in psychiatric wards

These included attitudes toward

Article

Africa Journal of Nursing and Midwifery https://doi.org/10.25159/2520-5293/6192

https://upjournals.co.za/index.php/AJNM/index ISSN 2520-5293 (Online)
Volume 22 | Number 2 | 2020 | #6192 | 14 pages © The Author(s) 2020

Published by Unisa Press. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the

Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

(https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/)

Caring for Children Diagnosed with Autism
Spectrum Disorder: Caregivers’ Experiences

Nomfundo Mazibuko

https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3365-5890

University of Venda, South Africa

[email protected]

Hilda N. Shilubane

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6121-0488

University of Venda, South Africa

[email protected]

Solomon B. Manganye

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4060-471X

University of Venda, South Africa

[email protected]

Abstract

Although awareness about autism has increased in developed countries, more

so than in developing countries, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) remains

poorly understood by most South Africans, especially those in remote areas and

in areas where research is limited. Furthermore, intervention services are often

scarce or not available due to lack of knowledge amongst healthcare

professionals. The current study aimed to explore caregivers’ experiences of

children with ASD in the Ehlanzeni District, Mpumalanga, South Africa. The

study adopted a qualitative approach, and data was collected using semi-

structured interviews, in which an interview guide was used. Twelve

participants were selected purposively from the three different schools in the

Ehlanzeni District and interviewed for the study. The data was analysed using

thematic content analysis. The study adhered to ethical considerations. The

findings of the study indicated that caregivers of children diagnosed with ASD

experienced psychological stress; social stress; financial burden; lack of family

support; and reported unavailability and accessibility of services. Therefore,

information regarding a range of inexpensive interventions and educational

programmes should be available for caregivers in order to reduce their

psychological and so

Article 1 RESTRAINT references

W”i-Tong Chien, & Lee, I. Y. M. (2007). Psychi”tric nursesʼ knowledge “nd
“ttitudes tow”rd the use of physic”l restr”int on older p”tients in psychi”tric
w”rds. Intern&tion&l Journ&l of Multiple Rese&rch Appro&ches, 1(1), 52–71. https://
doi-org.lopes.idm.oclc.org/10.5172/mr”.455.1.1.52

Article 2 AUTISM references:

M”zibuko, N., M”ng”nye, S. B., & Shilub”ne, H. N. (2020).
C”ring for Children Di”gnosed with Autism Spectrum
Disorder: C”regiversʼ Experiences. Afric& Journ&l of
Nursing & Midwifery, 22(2), 1–14.