Reading Reflection MSN-Nursing Research

Please submit minimum of 250 word (APA style) statement with 2-3 references regarding this week chapter reading (12 and 13), explain what are some of the important aspects of this week’s reading.

Provide examples when possible

Chapter 12 and 13 attached. 

Chapter 12

Research Ethics

Research Ethics

Research ethics addresses the rights of people who participate in research studies and the related responsibilities of those who conduct the research

2

Examples of Events that Support Need for Ethics Guidelines

Tuskegee Syphilis Study

Experimental measles vaccine

Alcohol use in Native Americans

Gelsinger case

Painted mice

Centenarian study

3

Principles of Ethical Conduct
in Research

Respect of person

Treat individuals as autonomous agents

Protect individuals with limited ability to make decisions for themselves

4

Principles of Ethical Conduct
in Research

Beneficence and nonmaleficence sets an obligation to do no harm and to maximize possible benefits

Justice is defined in relation to research as “fairness in distribution,” which is an opportunity to participate but to impose a burden of inequality

5

Training

In most cases, there are both local and federal requirements for training in the ethical conduct of research

6

Training

During basic training the following topics are covered for researchers:

Historical perspective

Principles of ethical research conduct

Compliance procedures

Informed consent procedures

7

Training

During basic training the following topics are covered for researchers:

Risks associated with participation in research

Vulnerable populations

Special situations and populations

FDA regulations

8

Training

During basic training the following topics are covered for researchers:

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) requirements

Conflicts of interest

IRB membership

9

Responsible Conduct of
Research Training

An additional level of research ethics that are required when applying for federal grant support are:

Research misconduct

Data management

Conflict of interest

10

Responsible Conduct of
Research Training

An additional level of research ethics that are required when applying for federal grant support are:

Collaborative science

Responsible authorship

Mentoring

11

Responsible Conduct of
Research Training

An additional level of research ethics that are required

Chapter 13

Participant Recruitment

Recruitment

Our end goal in participant recruitment and study enrollment is to get to “yes”

However, participant recruitment involves establishing trust and increasing motivation

2

Getting to “Yes”: Steps in Participant
Recruitment and Enrollment

1. Specify . . .

The desired sample and the inclusion & exclusion criteria

2. Develop . . .

A recruitment plan focused on potential sources of participants and their characteristics/preferences 

3. Contact . . .

Potential sources to obtain their support and assistance

  4. Disseminate . . .

Information about the study to potential participants

5. Ask . . .

Potentially eligible people to become participants

6. Consent . . .

Explain the study, obtain consent

7. Screen . . .

Consented individuals to confirm eligibility using inclusion and exclusion criteria

8. Enroll . . .

Involve consented participants in designated role within the study

9. Retain . . .

Enrolled participants through incentives, maintaining contact 

10. Report . . .

The findings of the study to completed participants and those who helped with recruitment

 

(Inspired by information from Berger, Begun, & Otto-Salaj, 2009; Taylor-Piliae & Froelicher, 2007; Fisher & Ury, 1981)

Specify the People Needed

Be as specific as possible about who would be eligible (inclusion criteria) and who would not be (exclusion criteria)