Write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of two qualitative research studies. Use the “Research Critique Guidelines – Part 1” document to organize your essay. Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide rationale, include examples, and reference content from the studies in your responses.  Use the practice problem and two qualitative, peer-reviewed research article you identified in the Topic 1 assignment to complete this assignment.  In a 1,000–1,250 word essay, summarize two qualitative studies, explain the ways in which the findings might be used in nursing practice, and address ethical considerations associated with the conduct of the study.  Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.  This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.  You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite


Research Critique Guidelines

To write a critical appraisal that demonstrates comprehension of the research study conducted, address each component below for qualitative study in the Topic 2 assignment and the quantitative study in the Topic 3 assignment.

Successful completion of this assignment requires that you provide a rationale, include examples, or reference content from the study in your responses.

Qualitative Study

Background of Study:

· Identify the clinical problem and research problem that led to the study. What was not known about the clinical problem that, if understood, could be used to improve health care delivery or patient outcomes? This gap in knowledge is the research problem.

· How did the author establish the significance of the study? In other words, why should the reader care about this study? Look for statements about human suffering, costs of treatment, or the number of people affected by the clinical problem.

· Identify the purpose of the study. An author may clearly state the purpose of the study or may describe the purpose as the study goals, objectives, or aims.

· List research questions that the study was designed to answer. If the author does not explicitly provide the questions, attempt to infer the questions from the answers.

· Were the purpose and research questions related to the problem?

Method of Study:

· Were qualitative methods appropriate to answer the research questions?

· Did the author identify a specific perspective from which the study was developed? If so, what was it?

· Did the author cite quantitative and qualitative studies relevant to the focus of the study? What other types of literature did the author include?

· Are the references current? For qualitative studies, the author may have included studies older than the 5-year limit typically used for quantitative studies. Findings of older qualitative studies may be relevant to a qualitative study.

· Did the author evaluate or indicate the weaknesses of the available studies?

· Did the literature review include adequate information to build a logical argument?

· When a researcher uses the grounded theory method of qualitative inquiry, the researcher may develop a framework or diagram as part of the findings of the study. Was a framework developed from the study findings?

Results of Study

· What were the study findings?

· What are the implications to nursing?

· Explain how the findings contribute to nursing knowledge/science. Would this impact practice, education, administr

Literature Evaluation Table

Student Name: Vanessa Noa

Summary of Clinical Issue :

The main topic is falls in patients with dementia. The change topic is preventing falls in patients with dementia.

PICOT question: In patient with dementia(P) how the use of alarms (I) instead of floor mat(C) can prevent patient’s fall (O)within the first 3 months of use (T)


Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

Author, Journal (Peer-Reviewed), and

Permalink or Working Link to Access Article

Bray, J., Evans, S., Bruce, M., Carter, C., Brooker, D., Milosevic, S. & Hutt, L.


Hays, K.


Lim, S. C.


Rochester, L., Lord, S., Yarnall, A. J., & Burn, D. J.


Article Title and Year Published

Improving activity and engagement for patients with dementia.


Advanced Practice Nurses Knowledge and Use of Fall Prevention Guidelines.


Managing the elderly with dementia and frequent falls.


Falls in Patients with Dementia


Research Questions (Qualitative)/Hypothesis (Quantitative), and Purposes/Aim of Study

The hypothesis of this article is to improve relationships between staff and patients with dementia in hospitals and give staff more time with patients. The aim of the study is increasing activity and engagement for patients with dementia to reduce disconnect and poor engagement between staff and patients.

The hypothesis and knowledge of this article are to increase knowledge for practice nurses and to use prevention strategies for falls of these patients.

The hypothesis is managing elderly patients with dementia who encounters frequent falls. The aim is to establish strategies to manage these patients.

The hypothesis and aim of this article/study are to assess falls risk factors and mitigating strategies for falls.

Design (Type of Quantitative, or Typ



Draft Qualitative Research

Name: Vanessa Noa

Institution: Grand Canyon University

Draft Qualitative Research

Background of the Study

The first article talks about UTIs such as epidemiology, mechanisms of infection and the preferences available for the treatment. According to the article, there are indigenous sources of bacteria that cause CAUTI (Flores-Mireles et al., 2015). The contamination comes from the hands that are contaminated from the healthcare experts, meatal and vaginal colonization. The pathogens can pass through intraluminal route, extra luminal route or through the catheter from a bag that is contaminated. Introduction of the objects that are sterile has demonstrated a decrease in threat of bacteriuria in a closed urinary damage. Conversely, studies have demonstrated that bacteriuria can take place through the disruptions in the machines or through the extraluminal path (Flores-Mireles et al., 2015).

The other article focuses on reducing the urinary catheter usage and other approaches to avert catheter-connected urinary tract infection. The article provides qualitative highlights of some of the appropriate actions that a doctor must assume while executing the process of catheterization. When undertaking the supplement of the urinary catheter, a skilled professional should take extraordinary safeguards since speedy release of urine from the bladder may lead to hemorrhage. A clam needs to be out after every twenty minutes to permit more release of urine (Meddings et al., 2014).

Supporting Nursing Practice

The first article on urinary tract infections supports the nursing practice as it touches on the usage of the catheter. According to the article, people who urinate with the help of catheter have elevated risk of contracting UTIs (Flores-Mireles et al., 2015). Example of such group of people may include the people that are hospitalized as well as people who have neurological issues that make it hard to regulate their capacity to urinate and the paralyzed individuals. Having known that, it is important to take the necessary steps to decrease the threat of urinary tract infections. People can drink more liquid particularly water because it aids to dilute urine and confirms that one urinates regularly hence permitting the bacteria to be flushed from the urinary tract before the contamination can start (Flores-Mireles et al., 2015).

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