– This is an APA Style ESSAY that must talk about this article following the rubric, the rubric is for the teacher for evaluation BUT MUST BE FOLLOW PRECISELY.

– Make a critique of it as an essay, following the rubric of qualitative research evaluation (the rubric is attached.

– MUST HAVE LESS THAN 15% OF PLAGIARISM WITH A PLAGIARISM REPORT

– THERE IS A SAMPLE ESSAY ATTACHED ALONG WITH THE ARTICLE THAT YOU MUST USE AND THE RUBRIC THAT THE TEACHER WILL USE.

– THE NAME OF THE ARTICLE IS “Vaping Expectancies: A Qualitative Study among Young Adult Nonusers, Smokers, Vapers, and Dual Users”

– 2 pages at least DOES NOT NEED AN ABSTRACT. Will pay extra 10$ for a better work, MAKE SURE YOU READ THE ENTIRE ARTICLE AND GIVE THE RIGHT INFORMATION with numbers and authors THIS WILL BE THE ONLY REFERENCE IN THE PAPER PLEASE CITE THE WORK APA STYLE.

– THIS IS AN ESSAY MASTER LEVEL (NOT A QUESTION AND ANSWER PAPER)

Running Head: CRITIQUING EVALUATION
1

CRITIQUING EVALUATION 2

Critiquing Evaluation Criteria for Qualitative Research Article

XXXXXXXXXX

Ana G. Méndez University

NURS-502

Instructor: XXXXXXXXXXXXX

2019

Critiquing Evaluation Criteria for Qualitative Research Article

The title of the article selected is The Challenge of Appropriate Identification and Treatment of Starvation, Sarcopenia, and Cachexia: A Survey of Australian Dietitians, the authors, is Alison Yaxley and Michelle D. Miller; and fortunately, it has author’s credentials to let us know more about them, and give us more credibility on the literature review.

The title is clear, including area of study (Australia) and group studied (dietitians). The purpose of this study is evidently presented and discussed the importance of the problem, and as they stated that the aim was to determine if Australian dietitians understand and use the terms starvation, sarcopenia and cachexia, and provide targeted treatment strategies accordingly. They added “there is a need for increased awareness of the existence of starvation, sarcopenia, and cachexia among Australian dietitians and researches into appropriate methods of identification and treatment for each condition” at the end of the abstract. Researchers also provide an idea of ​​what they are doing and why it can give useful importance to evaluate the appropriate diagnosis in the elderly. There is no philosophical underpinning of the research described, but they remitted to Guidelines used in practice, including the DAA, that take a necessary tactic to malnutrition when focusing on starvation or malnutrition alone, without mention cachexia or sarcopenia.

The purpose of conducting research is made explicit at the beginning of the abstract, describing the project significance in the health field, especially in the dietitians in this study.

The methods used to collect data were through an anonymous cross-sectional survey of members of the DAA, to gain information on their practices regarding the diagnosis and treatment of different malnutrition in the elderly. All the members were required to be graduated from a tertiary program level, and they were invited to participate via email and to access to a webpage where there was a questionnaire to be answered. The method used was adequate to address the phenomenon of interest because they resorted to database of Dietitians Association of Australia. The particular approach used to guide the inquiry was the method used, every participant was invited to participate via weekly email from DAA in August 2010; it notified them about a link to answer a questionnaire and provided information on the survey. The participants were asked

https://doi.org/10.1177/1178221819866210

Creative Commons Non Commercial CC BY-NC: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial
4.0 License (http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without

further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage).

Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
Volume 13: 1–12
© The Author(s) 2019
Article reuse guidelines:
sagepub.com/journals-permissions
DOI: 10.1177/1178221819866210

Introduction
The impact of electronic nicotine delivery systems (“e-ciga-
rettes”) on population health continues to be controversial. The
extent to which e-cigarettes are helpful or harmful to public
health will depend on the differential impact concerning two
key groups: (1) cigarette smokers seeking to quit; and (2) youth
susceptible to smoking.1–3 For cigarette smokers seeking to
quit, switching from cigarette smoking to e-cigarette “vaping”
may be an effective harm reduction technique, given the sub-
stantially lower levels of harm found with e-cigarette use to

date.1,4,5 However, e-cigarettes are not harmless6,7 and the evi-
dence regarding the effectiveness of e-cigarettes for quitting
cigarette smoking, although supportive, also suggests that
long-term use is common.8,9 Thus, current evidence allows for
the possibility that e-cigarettes may improve the health of ciga-
rette smokers, provided they are motivated to completely quit
smoking. However, long-term use remains a concern.

For youth nonsmokers, there is considerably more concern
regarding the rapid levels of growth.10,11 There is widespread
agreement that e-cigarette initiation among nonsmokers,

Vaping Expectancies: A Qualitative Study among Young
Adult Nonusers, Smokers, Vapers, and Dual Users

Paul T Harrell1,2 , Thomas H Brandon3, Kelli J England1,2,
Tracey E Barnett4, Laurel O Brockenberry1,2, Vani N Simmons3
and Gwendolyn P Quinn5
1Division of Community Health & Research, Department of Pediatrics, Eastern Virginia Medical
School, Norfolk, VA, USA. 2Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Eastern Virginia
Medical School, Norfolk, VA, USA. 3Department of Health Outcomes and Behavior, Moffitt
Cancer Center, Tampa, FL, USA. 4School of Public Health, University of North Texas Health
Science Center, Fort Worth, TX, USA. 5Department of Population Health, New York University,
New York, NY, USA.

ABSTRACT

BACkgRoUnD: “Expectancies,” or beliefs about outcomes, robustly correlate with and predict several behaviors including electronic nico-
tine delivery system (“e-cigarette”) use. However, there is limited qualitative research available regarding relevant e-cigarette vaping
expectan

NURS 502-O Nursing Science and the Research Process
Family Nurse Practitioner Universidad Ana G. Méndez, Recinto de Gurabo

©2012. Universidad Ana G. Méndez. All rights reserved. 31

Appendix D

Universidad Ana G. Méndez

SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES

NURSING GRADUATE PROGRAM

Critiquing Evaluation Criteria for Quantitative Research Article

NURS 502-O Nursing Science and the Research Process

Listed below are criteria that you will use to critique research articles pertinent to your research area
of interest. Discuss how the investigator satisfied each criterion. Cite relevant passages in the articles,
with reference to page number if appropriate. Don’t merely respond “yes” or “no” to the presence or
absence of each criterion – you must provide examples and rationale for your response.

Criteria
YES

NO

Comments

I- Title of the Article and Authors
Is the title clear, including area of study and group studied?

Are the author’s credentials included?

II- Introduction
Is the purpose of the study presented?

Is the significance (importance) of the problem discussed?

Does the investigator provide a sense of what he or she is doing and

why?

III- Problems Statement
Is the problem statement clear?

Does the investigator identify key research questions and

variables to be examined?

Does the study have the potential to help solve a problem that is

currently faced in clinical practice?

IV- Literature Review
Does the literature review follow a logical sequence leading to a

critical review of supporting and conflicting prior work?

Is the relationship of the study to previous research clear?

Does the study have the potential gaps in the literature and

support the necessity of the present study?

V- Theoretical Framework and Hypotheses
Is a rationale stated for the theoretical/conceptual framework?

NURS 502-O Nursing Science and the Research Process
Family Nurse Practitioner Universidad Ana G. Méndez, Recinto de Gurabo

©2012. Universidad Ana G. Méndez. All rights reserved. 32

Does the investigator clearly state the theoretical basis for

hypotheses formulation?

Is the hypotheses stated precisely and in a form that permits it to be

rested?

VI- Methodology
Are the relevant variables and concepts clearly and operationally

defined?

Is the design appropriate for the research questions or