Please read the instruction in each paper. I also attach the APA TEMPLE that you need to follow to write the paper and I attach 3 assignment that in the instruction of the Grading Rubric ask to used .The instructions call for the use of “two assessments from the reference guide”.


Rubric for Capstone Project:

Clear problem identified in a specified



Extensive background information provided 20%

Community resources have been accurately



Demonstrates clear attainable plan of action

for specified community


Utilizes at least two assessment from the

reference guide


PowerPoint Presentation 15%

Correct use of APA Format 10%




NUR 4636: Community Health Nursing
Community Needs Assessment Guide

You will conduct a community needs assessment by choosing a specified population or
community. Grades will be based on the guidelines listed. Papers submitted must be
typed using APA format. A PowerPoint presentation of community needs assessment
needs to be submitted through the drop box.

Community_____________________ Date______________

I) Overview

A) Description of the Community

i) History
ii) Type of community: urban, suburban, rural

II) Physical Environmental Considerations: The Community As a Place

A) Description: general identifying data

i) Location
ii) Topographical features
iii) Climate

B) Boundaries, area in square miles

C) Environment

i) Sanitation: water supply, sewage, garbage, trash
ii) Pollutants, toxic substances, animal reservoirs or vectors, flora and fauna
iii) Air quality: color, odor, particulates
iv) Food supply: sources, preparation
v) Potential disaster in the population
vi) Extent of disaster preparation in the population

miami area


D) Housing
i) Types of housing (public and private)
ii) Condition of housing
iii) Percent owned, rented
iv) Housing for special populations

(a) Near homeless
(b) Homeless
(c) Frail elders

E) Leading industries and occupations

III) The People of the Community

A) Population profile

i) Total population for _________(year of last census)
ii) Population density
iii) Population changes in past 10 years
iv) Population per square miles
v) Mobility
vi) Types of Families

B) Biological Considerations/Vital and demographic population characteristics

i) Age composition
ii) Sex distribution
iii) Race distribution
iv) Ethnic group composition and distribution
v) Mortality Characteristics

(a) Annual Birth and crude death rates
(b) Age-specific death rate
(c) Infant mortality rate
(d) Maternal mortality rate

vi) Cause-specific death rate (specific health area)
vii) Leading causes of morbidity

(a) Incidence rates (specific diseases)
(b) Prevalence rates (specific diseases)


C) Psychological Considerations
i) Significant historical events
ii) Future economic prospects
iii) Formal and Informal Communication Network
iv) Rates of Suicide and Homicides for specific subgroups within the population
v) Adequacy of protective services
vi) Common sources of Stress (e.g. unemployment , lack of affordable housing)





Paper Title


Institutional Affiliation

Author Note

The author note is used to provide information about the author’s departmental affiliation, acknowledgments of assistance or financial support, and a mailing address for correspondence. An example follows:

Nelson L. Eby, Department of Computer Fraud Investigation, Columbian School of Arts and Sciences, the George Washington University; Douglas Degelman, Department of Psychology, Vanguard University of Southern California.

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Douglas Degelman, Department of Psychology, Vanguard University of Southern California, Costa Mesa, CA 92626.
E-mail: [email protected]


The abstract (in block format) begins on the line following the Abstract heading. The abstract is a one-paragraph, self-contained summary of the most important elements of the paper. Nothing should appear in the abstract that is not included in the body of the paper. Word limits for abstracts are set by individual journals. Most journals have word limits for abstracts between 150 and 250 words. All numbers in the abstract (except those beginning a sentence) should be typed as digits rather than words. The abstract (in block format) begins on the line following the Abstract heading. This is an example. This is an example of what 150 words looks like. This is an example of what 150 words looks like. This is an example of what 150 words looks like. This is an example of what 150 words looks like. This is an example of what 150 words looks like.

Title of Paper

The introduction of the paper begins here. Double-space throughout the paper, including the title page, abstract, body of the document, and references. The body of the paper begins on a new page (page 3). Subsections of the body of the paper do not begin on a new page. The title of the paper (in uppercase and lowercase letters) is centered on the first line below the running head. The introduction (which is not labeled) begins on the line following the paper title. Headings are used to organize the document and reflect the relative importance of sections. For example, many empirical research articles utilize Methods, Results, Discussion, and References headings. In turn, the Method section often has subheadings of Participants, Apparatus, and Procedure. Main headings (when the paper has either one or two levels of headings) use centered, boldface, uppercase and lowercase letters (e.g., Method, Results). Subheadings (when the paper has two levels of headin

Running head: MEN’S HEALTH 1


Men’s Health


HIV is a viral disease which is transmitted from none person to another mostly through sexual intercourse, although there are other means by which the disease can be transmitted like through blood transfusion, sharing sharp objects with infected people, and through deep kissing with the infected person.

Men’s Health

How to Address the Problem of HIV at the Population Level

The spread of HIV can be mitigated in the society if people are educated on how the disease is spread and measures which can be taken to prevent the spread of the disease (Chasi, 2014). Additionally, the people in the society can also be taught on how to live a healthy life, even to those who have already been affected by the disease virus.

Additional Information Needed To Determine Appropriate Interventions of the Problem

Consequently, the people in the society can be educated on the symptoms of the disease (Rodriguez-Penney et al., 2013). It is advisable that once a person notices any symptoms related to the disease he should go to the nearest health Centre so that he can get tested and if tested positive, he start to take antiretroviral drugs immediately.

The Other Segment of the Community That I Would Involve In My Intervention

Medical practitioners and counselor are also very significant in the public education concerning HIV. Medical practitioners will assist in testing the people in the society so that they can be able to know their status (Chasi, 2014). Those who will be tested positive will be advised on how to live a healthy life by both the medical practitioners and also the counselor. Similarly, those tested negative will be educated on measures which can be used to prevent transmission of the disease. For instance like the use of a condom during sexual intercourse.


Chasi, C. (2014). HIV. Palgrave Macmillan.

Rodriguez-Penney, A. T., Iudicello, J. E., Riggs, P. K., Doyle, K., Ellis, R. J., Letendre, S. L., … & Woods, and The HIV Neurobehavioral Research Program (HNRP) Group, S. P. (2013). Co-morbidities in persons infected with HIV: increased burden with older age and negative effects on health-related quality of life. AIDS patient care and STDs, 27(1), 5-16

The Lancet HIV. (2017). The rol



Factors Influencing Illnesses


This paper attempts to explain the various factors causing illnesses in individuals in a society. The research uses a case of Betty, a 45-year-old lesbian widow who suspects she could be having cancer. The paper identifies her genetic predisposition to cancer, depression due to the death of her husband, her lack of an income generating activity, her promiscuous behavior and her failure to be under a health insurance cover as the biophysical, psychological, sociocultural and health system factors resulting in her illness and suspicious of cancer. The paper identifies ways a health worker can help women of minority sexual orientation on health matters such as creating awareness, treating them in a dignified manner and persuading them to adopt health insurance covers.

Factors Influencing Illnesses

Biophysical factors are physical attributes that could influence the likelihood of an individual to get a certain disease (Akolekar et al, 2011). In the case of Betty, her mother had succumbed to cancer and she could have a genetic predisposition to cancer. With regards to psychological factors, Betty is depressed due to the death of her husband leaving her behind with children to rise. Depression leads to a poor immunity and consequently susceptibility to infections (Ross, 2017). In terms of the social-cultural environment, Betty has lost her lover and she does not have a source of income adding more psychological stress in her life. Her behavior, of promiscuity, could influence her likelihood to get cervical cancer which is usually caused by the HPV virus, sexually transmitted. The health system seems to be defective in persuading locals to get into health insurance programs and that is probably why Betty despite her age is not covered by any insurance policy.

Majority of health issues are manageable by the populations provided that they are aware of health conditions and how to contain, treat and even prevent them (Ross, 2017). Cognizant of this I would lure women of minority sexual orientation by treating them with dignity, without discriminating them or treating them with contempt. This would motivate them to seek medical care whenever they experience health problems to avoid rapid disease progression. Secondly, I would create awareness regarding the consequences of any sexual activity with regards to disease transmissions. Finally, I would urge them to get into medical insurance covers so as to afford treatments when they fall ill.

Betty’s concerns are partly valid and partly illusory. Her obsession with c



Community Health Factors


This paper attempts to shed light on the various factors that affect human health, especially among older patients. The paper uses a case of Mrs. Perez, an elderly woman who suffers from asthma. This study has identified old age and her ailing lungs as the two biophysical factors influencing her illness, loneliness and depressed lifestyle as the psychological factors for her illness, a physical environment which is relatively cold, lack of an income generating activity as the social-cultural factor to her illness, heavy smoking as a behavioral factor leading to illness, and a health system that is not supportive of patients under drugs. The paper also delves into preventive strategies, primary, secondary and tertiary. Further, the paper lays down several activities to be adopted for the promotion of health. Finally, this paper defines effective healthcare and the criteria for achieving the verdict of whether or not the healthcare was effective.

Community Health Factors

Recent epidemiology research has suggested that medics adopt a broader outlook in investigating the likely cause of illnesses (Stewart & Wild, 2017). As such I would categorize probable causes of illness being experienced by Mrs. Perez into biophysical, psychological, physical environment, social-cultural, behavioral, and health system categories. Biophysical factors influencing her health includes her old age and ailing lungs. Her lonely lifestyle exposes her to depressions and emotional stress which are likely psychological factors resulting in her condition. Her physical environment is cold due to the fact that there are many cold-related medical conditions. Mrs. Perez is not employed and has no source of income which is a social-cultural factor that could be triggering other psychological conditions responsible for her condition. With regards to behavioral factors, the old lady is a heavy smoker, a factor that could be accelerating her disease. The fact that the health system has done little to help her quit smoking or even put deterrence to her behavior makes her continue smoking and consequently ail more.

Primary preventive strategies involve making her aware of the dangers of heavy smoking, guiding her into quitting smoking and urging her to adopt better social lives such as considering living in a community or with relatives. Secondary strategies would entail follow up by medics on her conditions, assessing the risk she is putting herself in while heavily smoking and constant screening to enhance effective medication. Tertiary strategies would in