Attached is PP with instructions and all phases for corrections
Phase Five Research
Phase V- Research Paper
• Throughout the semester we have been working at completing papers and different
phases remember that you started out with Phase One, then you begin working on
Phase Two, then Phase Three, Phase Four and now for Phase Five of your research
paper, this is where it all comes together.
• Before assembling your final project, please review your previous issues to ensure
that prior errors are corrected, or any feedback is addressed.
• Very Important Class – please make sure that your paper is completed in Microsoft
Word, do not use pdf or any other format, it cannot be accepted for grading.
Important Items for Review
• Aesthetics – How does my paper look?
• Am I submitting scholarly work?
• Is it formatted properly?
• Is the paper free of grammatical errors?
• Did I follow APA 7th edition guidelines?
• Content – is my paper organized?
• Do the prior sections flow properly?
• Are the titles present? Did I use proper heading levels?
• Did I check for plagiarism? Did I keep my similarity index < 20%?
Phase V – Research Paper
• The final submission is the combination of the other four phases into one paper.
• You will combine Phase I, Phase II, Phase III, and Phase IV to make Phase V.
• You are responsible for editing and formatting your paper so that your paper will
flow for the reader.
• This paper will need to be corrected with all the feedback provided from previous
• Include conclusion and learning experiences from the essentials and from the class.
• Do not forget to document limitations and implications for future
Review of Phase One
• The purpose of this project is for the student to complete all the different steps
necessary to implement a nursing research project.
• This project will be subdivided into 4 different papers that will be submitted
throughout the entire semester.
• The final paper will be the combination of the four areas.
• Always remember to review the grading rubric on your syllabus before completing
• Your grading rubric can be located within your Blackboard Submission tab
for the assignment
Review of Phase One
• Phase 1 is the planning stage of a research project; students are to prepare a 4-5-page paper identifying a specific topic that you
would like to investigate and relates to transitional nursing. You will provide a brief introduction to the situation by utilizing
published nursing research articles to support your statement. This paper will also include
• 1- Introduction to the Problem
• 2- Clearly Identify the Problem
• 3- Significance of the proble
The final submission combines the other four phases into one paper.You will combine Phase I, Phase II, Phase III, and Phase IV to make Phase V.You edit and format your paper so your paper will flow for the reader. This paper will need to be corrected with all the feedback provided from previous papers. Include conclusion and learning experiences from the essentials and from the class.
Do not forget to document limitations and implications for future research/practice.
Cites all data obtained from other sources.
APA citation style is used in both text and bibliography
Cites most data obtained from other sources.
APA citation style is used in both text and bibliography.
Cites some data obtained from other sources.
Citation style is inconsistent or incorrect.
Does not cite sources.
Please refer to the sample APA paper provided to ensure you are compliant.
Pay attention to APA formatting, spelling, and grammar. Your similarity index/plagiarism score must be below 10%. Higher scores may impact your grade.
Running head: ATTITUDES OF NURSES IN EUTHANASIA
To Explore the Nurses’ Roles in Discouraging Palliative Patients from
ATTITUDES OF NURSES IN EUTHANASIA 2
To Explore the Nurses’ Roles in Discouraging Palliative Patients from Euthanasia
Introduction to the Problem
The issue of dying with dignity and the right to die has been debated for decades. The
debate revolves around whether a person should be allowed to choose to die when they can
continue living at a diminished capacity or aid of life support. The debate is centered on the ethical
position of the medical intervention. One of the questions is whether the right to die is universal
and only applicable in palliative care. On an ethical basis, health professionals should adhere to
patient autonomy which questions euthanasia as a care intervention. Nurses in assisted death face
conflicting requirements from autonomy, maleficence, and non-maleficence. However, the concept
of freedom of expression exists where the dying patient has a right to make decisions regarding
Nurses play a vital role in caring for patients during their end of life compared to other
health care professionals (Dierckx de Castle, 2006). Technological advancement in healthcare has
facilitated quality of life and prolonged life. However, technological advancement has also led to
controversial debates on euthanasia (Berghs et al., 2005). According to Asai et al. (2019), the
attitudes towards the legality and the ethics of euthanasia has drastically changed in the last few
decades. This has led to the legalization of euthanasia in some countries, but the circumstances of
assisted suicide vary from one city to another.
The issue of cancer is a global issue, and it has increased the need for palliative care
services. Nurses provide care geared towards patient satisfaction. In palliative care, the nurses
work towards meeting cancer patients’ needs during the end of life care (Henson et al., 2016).
During the end of life, the patients and the family face challenges and must make choices that
benefit the patient. Wright et al. (2016) explain that choices during the end of life may have a
ATTITUDES OF NURSES IN EUTHANASIA 3
quality of life dimension where the nurse guides the patient and the carer to adapt to painful
realities and confront difficult situations.
The practice of eutha
Phase 3: Implementation
The third phase will elaborate the complete implementation plan that how the decided
methodology will be implemented to complete the research study. The topic of study includes nurses’
attitudes towards palliative patient care, and the use of euthanasia will be focused on and aligned with
the methodology. The details about the data collection, data analysis, data interpretation will be the
discussion. The budget planning and the timeline of the study will also be discussed.
The methodology starts with the sampling, and the implementation phase starts from here to
the data analysis. The researcher has studied the different theoretical approaches of sampling relevant
studies, so the participation selection shows the researcher’s knowledge of the subject. The sampling
process should be chosen carefully because failure to choose inappropriate sampling will result in
unexpected results (Asai, 2019).
Different sampling approaches and techniques can be used in the research study, and the
researcher needs to choose one that fits the subject of the study. It may look simple and easy, but the
whole process is highly complex, and the researcher has to study a lot to know what participants will
be suitable for the research. The appropriate decision-making approach needs to be used in this
Before the selection, the exclusion criteria need to be defined, and it is to take the nurses in
the study. The subject is relevant to the nurses, so only they will be part of the study, and it also has
to be seen that only the nurses involved in palliative care will be taken. They will have the experience
of dealing with patients with severe illness and voluntary or involuntary use of euthanasia. Moreover,
the nurses should know the difficulties and challenges of dealing with such patients.
There will be 60 participants in the study, 50 participants will be faculty nurses, and ten will
be in-charge nurses. The nurses will be aged above 25 years of age, and it will be seen that the
To Explore the Nurses’ Roles in Discouraging Palliative Patients from Euthanasia
Jose Cardentey Hernandez
Phase 4 – To Explore the Nurses’ Roles in Discouraging Palliative Patients from Euthanasia
The hypothetical results of the research project are as follows
The researcher expects the response rate to be more than 50%, which means there will be
more than 30, and the maximum number of participants will be 60. A response rate of 60% is
expected because possible issues might affect the perfect response rate. For example, the
researcher might face logistics issues at the hospitals, the busy schedule of nurses, and it might be
possible that some nurses will be unwilling to be part of the research. Sometimes, there is an
excessive workload on the nurses due to which they cannot give to any other activity like the
As far as the demographics are concerned, the researcher expects 80 percent of participants
to be female and the rest to be male. The expectations of females to be greater than the male is
because of their association with the profession. The female is more associated with nursing, and
males are less as compared to them. The demographics are expected not to affect the research
outcomes because the female nurses know more about euthanasia use. The researcher expects to
find the nurses who have a duty in the departments where euthanasia is excessively used. The
ethical practices require the obtain the consent from the nurses before including them in research.
If the participants are agreed to be the part of research, the timings and their feasibility should be
asked following the professional ethics (Priyadarshini, 2021).
Euthanasia use is one of the controversial topics, and it has been seen that the nurses have
different beliefs about them. Euthanasia use is excessive in some departments like the labor rooms
Running head: RESEARCH PAPER 1
Research Paper Phase 2
RESEARCH PAPER 2
There is an increase in the debate over the issue of dying with dignity and the right to die.
The issue has been revolving around whether a person should be given a chance to choose to die
when they are still in a position to continue living a reduced ability or aiding the life support. Most
of the debates are focused on the ethical position on some of the medical interventions that are
undertaken. The focus of this research paper is to explore the role played by the nurses in
discouraging palliative patients from euthanasia.
Nurses are playing an important role in providing healthcare to the patient during the end of
their life than any other healthcare professionals. Nurses are not directly involved in the
performance of euthanasia but are directly taking part in the process that starts when the patients
request euthanasia and ends with the provision of support to the patient’s family members and
healthcare providers after the act. In this case, it is always crucial for the nurses to be aware of the
role they play during the euthanasia procedure (Wilson et al., 2021). Nurses are required to be
open-minded and to be non-judgment towards accepting euthanasia requests as their professional
attitude can discourage the patients from euthanasia.
The role of the nurses in discouraging palliative patients from euthanasia begins with the
pre-euthanasia which begins with the assessment. In this stage, nurses are required to carefully
listen to the patients to help in the successful assessment of the reasons for requesting euthanasia
and the factors that are linked to such decisions. According to Wilson et al., (2021), the improper
requests that are originating from the relievable suffering have to be withdrawn and alternative
methods have to be provided to the patient to prevent undignified deaths. According to Martin
(2021), all patients need to be assessed for awareness about their medical diagnosis, their
conditions, and the prognosis, and other available alternatives like palliative care to make sure that