Final Poster Instructions

The Final Poster is due Wednesday the last week of class.

The American Association for Colleges of Nursing state that a BSN prepared nurse should be able to create a poster presentation. Your final will involve creating a poster presentation for your practice area on a CAM approach that might benefit your patient population OR your peers. Consider your unique practice area. Then identify either a patient/family need OR nursing staff need that might respond well to a specific CAM approach. Create a Poster presentation on the topic that includes:

  • A description of the problem you want to address such as stress among nurses, nausea in cancer patients, insomnia in rehab patient, anxiety in pediatric surgery patients etc… 
  • An overview of the specific CAM therapy you think might work. This can come from your readings, articles, or a credible website like NCCAM.
  • What the research shows. This can be a paragraph or it can be bulleted. (You need at least 3 research articles- one can be on CAM in general- 2 should be on your topic).
  • Your proposal & goal : This will be individualized but in general should include what you exactly would like to see done and what you want to accomplish
  • Implementation plan. This will be individualized but in general should include what you exactly would like to see done and what steps would be needed to make that happen in your area. Include any ethical issues that must be addressed.
  • References cited APA style (minimum of 5).  Don’t forget  to put a title and your name on the poster          

Submit your presentation on the Final Poster discussion forum by Wednesday Midnight.  This presentation should be concise and visually appealing. While I have given general guidelines of what to include, you need to decide how much to include. If you have a different way you want to approach this poster, please feel free to discuss it with me in advance. How to make a poster instructions from PowerPoint are attached as well as two exemplar student projects. You may also want to watch the U tube video on how to make a poster from the University of Northern Colorado (see below), but feel free any software you are comfortable with. (Links to an external site.)




The use of Aromatherapy to help reduce stress in nursing professionals

Leanne M. Rakowski



Stress has become an epidemic in our society. Occupational stress is documented as a major factor that leads to decreased productivity, morale and burnout of nurses. There are many factors that contribute to stress in nurses, the workloads, patient demands, working with critically ill patients and relationships with coworkers and physicians.

Aromatherapy is the use of essential oils to heal the body, mind and spirit. The sense of smell is an important part of aromatherapy. The chemical composition of essential oils has proven to have healing properties through scientific research. By blending together two or more oils they can complement each other and it adds vibrancy to the blend. Some of the oils that have been found to be effective in stress relief are citrus oils, floral oils, lavender, peppermint and rosemary



Cooke et at (2007) The study used a combination of aromatherapy massage with music, it showed an immediate positive impact on staff anxiety. Introducing these stress reduction strategies in the workplace shows lower stress levels and increased job satisfaction.

Pemberton and Turpin (2008) the purpose of this study was to evaluate the application of essential oils on stress levels of nurses in the ICU. The oils had a positive effect to reduce stress in 31 (74%) of the shifts sampled. All participants recorded a decreased stress level. This demonstrated potential for a simple, noninvasive process to reduce stress which could be accomplished in a short time frame.

McCaffery et al (2009) The use of lavender and rosemary essential oil sachets reduced test anxiety and stress in nursing students. The use of Sachets or inhalers of essential oils are inexpensive, safe and easy to use.



Cooke, M., Holzhauser, K., Jones, M., Davis, C., and Finucane, J., (2007) The effect of aromatherapy massage with music on the stress and

anxiety levels of emergency nurses: comparison between summer and winter. Journal of Clinical Nursing 16, 1695-1703 doi:


Fontaine, K.L. (2011). Complementary and alternative therapies for nursing practice (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, N: Prentice Hall

Keegan, L., (2003) Therapies to reduce stress and anxiety. Critical Care Nursing Clinics of North America. 15 (2003) 321-327



McCaffrey, R., Thomas, D., and Kinzelman, A., (2009) the effect of lavender and rosemary essential oils on test-taking anxiety among

graduate nursing students.

1. American Music Therapy Association. (2004). Music therapy makes a difference. Retrieved February 22, 2013, from

2. Fontaine, K. L. (2011). Complementary and alternative therapies of nursing practice (3rd Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.


3. Ghetti, C. M. (2011). Active music engagement with emotional-approach coping to improve well-being in liver and kidney transplant recipients. Journal of Music Therapy, 48(4), 463.


4. Good, M., Stanton‐Hicks, M., Grass, J. A., Anderson, G. C., Lai, H. L., Roykulcharoen, V., & Adler, P. A. (2001). Relaxation and music to reduce postsurgical pain. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 33(2), 208-215. 


5. Madson, A. T., & Silverman, M. J. (2010). The effect of music therapy on relaxation, anxiety, pain perception, and nausea in adult solid organ transplant patients. Journal of Music Therapy, 47(3), 220. 


6. Richards, T., Johnson, J., Sparks, A., & Emerson, H. (2007). The effect of music therapy on patients’ perception and manifestation of pain, anxiety, and patient satisfaction. Medsurg Nursing, 16(1), 7.

 Music therapy is a nonpharmacologic method that can be used to treat pain and decrease stress and anxiety in hospitalized patients. . Music therapy aims to promote relaxation, alteration in mood, a sense of control and self expression. Music therapy enhances communication of complex feelings when words are not capable to do so. Although music as a healing source has been around for thousands of years, music therapy has been an established medical practice since the 1950s, with degree programs offered by several universities (American Music Therapy Association, 2004). Music therapy techniques include various forms such as, listening to both live and recorded music, composing or re-creating music with singing or playing of instruments and improvising music (Fontaine, 2011). Music therapy may be conducted in a group setting or on an individual basis. The potential for music to reduce anxiety, alleviate pain and improve patient satisfaction may have an impact in today’s healthcare environment (Richards, Johnson, Sparks, and Emerson, 2007).


Solid organ transplant patients will be hospitalized for days and many times weeks after their initial transplant surgery. Organ transplant recipients characteristically experience low levels of relaxation and high levels of anxiety, pain, and nausea (Madson & Silverman, 2010). Stress and bodily pain are important problems after organ transplant, affecting daily living even in patients with good allograft function and it limits physical function, vitality, and general health. Despite improvements in pharmacologic treatments, managing a patient’s pain and anxiety in the acut

How to Make a Poster Using PowerPoint

Start PowerPoint: Make a New presentation – a blank one. When asked for a Layout, choose a blank
one – one without anything – even a title.

Choose the size of your poster: Go to File> Page Setup. A Page Setup screen will appear. In the
Slides sized for option, choose Custom. Put the actual size of poster for the Height and the Width. (If
printing at the TLTC, no larger than 40” x 56”.) Pick if your poster will be Portrait (up and down) or
Landscape (sideways.) Click OK. Do this before you begin creating the poster! Failure to do so may
result in a poster that is not printable, or not printed at the size you need. Click OK.

Adding text: In order to add text, the text needs a “container” – a Text Box. Make a text box by
clicking on the Text Box tool or selecting Text Box under the Insert menu.

The Text Box tool is found near
the bottom center – it looks like
a mini page with an “A” in the
upper-left part of it.

Click or click-and-drag where you want the text to be. You should see the rectangular shape of the
Text Box. Type in your text. You can re-size it at any time by dragging one of the little “handles”. The

box will also grow automatically as you type (if it needs to). To copy text from another program first
make the text box then do copy and paste into the text box. Make a separate Text Box for each
separate piece of text. “Separate text” means a portion of text that you want to be able to move
independently from the others.

As in many programs, you can change the font and size by highlighting the text to be changed and
then making the changes. A 72-point font is about an inch high. If you don’t see the size you want in
the selection list, you can enter it in by hand. You can change the color of the text, the edge, and the
fill as well as other things under the Format>Text Box menu.

To move a Text Box, position your pointer over a part of the edge of the box that is not a handle. The
pointer should become shaped like a plus sign with arrows. Click and drag the Text Box to the wanted


• It is better to create all of your text, charts, and tables in PowerPoint rather than copy and pasting to
avoid problems with formatting and printing your poster.

• You can change the proportions, type size and style later.
• Try to use a minimum of 24 point type for the body text.
• Allow for enough “white space” (areas where there is no text or graphics) to keep your poster from

looking too overloaded.
• Minimum 72 point font for the title. (Of course the bigger the better, but 72 pt is approximately 1” tall.)
• You can import text from your word processor via copy and paste.
• You may have to change the formatting of the pasted text. It rarel