Week 3 focuses on healthcare information systems (HIS), architecture and infrastructure, selection, contract management, acquisition, and implementation. In addition, you will take a closer look at management, administrative, and financial applications. As the business of healthcare becomes more complex and challenging, the role of information systems becomes more important in achieving sustainability and financial stability. Lessons learned from Week 3 will assist you in navigating the complexities in implementing health information system in your future endeavor.

Your Learning Objectives for the Week:

  • Define system acquisition, implementation, lifecycle, replacement planning, and electronic data interchange in relation to the evolution of healthcare information systems.
  • Assess the efficiency, effectiveness, and current software applications of an IT department.
  • Examine the design, management, and maintenance of clinical information systems to maintain healthcare data security, enhance quality, decrease costs, and improve patient safety in various healthcare settings.

MHA6120 WEEK 3 DISCUSSION AND PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS Page | 1

· Week 3 Discussion

Top of Form

 Due July 29 at 11:59 PM

Bottom of Form

Supporting Lectures:

Review the following lecture:

·
Healthcare Information Systems Architecture and Analysis

Discussion Questions

Before beginning work on this discussion forum, please review the link “
Doing Discussion Questions Right
” and any specific instructions for this topic.

Before the end of the week, begin commenting on at least two of your classmates’ responses. You can ask technical questions or respond generally to the overall experience. Be objective, clear, and concise. Always use constructive language, even in criticism, to work toward the goal of positive progress. Submit your responses in the Discussion Area.

Introduction:

The literature is replete with information that HIS are complex and that healthcare is a complex system. However, implementation of HIS creates simplicity out of the complex structures and processes in our clinical and business management.

Tasks:

· Describe what HIS architecture is and why healthcare administrators need to understand HIT/HIS architecture.

· Discuss the architecture of enterprise hospital information system (EHIS) and explore its advantages and disadvantages.

· Describe and discuss how HIS architecture can be analyzed.

Submission Details:

To support your work, use your course and textbook readings and also use the 
South University Online Library
. As in all assignments, cite your sources in your work and provide references for the citations in APA format.

Your initial posting should be addressed at 500–1000 words as noted in the attached PDF. Submit your document to this Discussion Area by the due date assigned. Be sure to cite your sources using APA format.

Respond to your classmates throughout the week. Justify your answers with examples, research, and reasoning. Follow-up posts need to be submitted by the end of the week.

The following resources are provided for this discussion:

From your course textbook, Information Systems for Healthcare Management, review the following chapter:

· HIT Architectur

MHA6120 WEEK 3 LECTURE Page | 1

Healthcare Information Systems Architecture and Analysis

The complexities of healthcare clinical and business processes require an HIS architecture that is robust and agile and has the capacity to interwork or interoperable with other applications in the network. Moghaddasi (2018) noted that the multispecialty nature of medical services alone greatly contributes to complexities in clinical applications.

An obstetrics and gynecology service has an entirely different focus of treatment and management as opposed to medical services or anesthesiology services. In addition, applications for business or managerial processes and financial processes must have the capacity to complement and interwork with clinical applications.

Examples

Review each example to learn more.

Presents some examples of components of a comprehensive HIS architecture.

Example 1

In order to correctly bill for the services rendered, medical coding must be supported with correct medical documentation. A mechanism from a medical coding application can flag medical documentation for specificity or an additional description.

Example 2

Physician order entry in the electronic medical record (EMR) is transmitted to the pharmacy. Once medication is dispensed for administration, the nurse administering the medication must scan the patient’s barcode and the medication barcode to verify the correct prescription and dispensed medication for administration. Once administration is completed, the nurse enters the documents administration at the EMR medication administration page. The barcode information will be transmitted to the pharmacy for billing and/or confirmation of administration.

Example 3

Medical coding is completed within forty-eight hours after the patient’s discharge. Primary and secondary diagnosis as well as all procedures are entered in the health information software, which is then captured in the patient billing software.

There are several frameworks or models of a comprehensive Information Technology (IT) architecture in the literature. Neittaanmäki (2017) suggests that the enterprise architecture (EA) model is the prescription of choice for healthcare organizations because of the following reasons:

· EA improves performance and health outcomes because of interoperability, automation, data quality, and timeliness.

· EA is capable of controlling organizational expenditure by reducing hardware purchasing, software licensing, staff training, and support cost.

· EA protects profitability by sustaining its capability.

· EA manages security and risks.

· EA encourages better planning.

Health information technology (HIT) EA in healthcare must focus on the four crucial C’s:

Four C’s of HIT Enterprise Architecture

7/27/2021 Rubric Assessment – MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=79786&evalObjectId=395590&evalObjectType=5&userId=4901&groupId=0&rubricId=6574&d2l_b… 1/4

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Print RubricSUO Discussion Rubric (80 Points) – Version 1.2
Course: MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01

/ 40

Response
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-27)
27 points

Satisfactory (C: 28-
31)
31 points

Proficient (B: 32-35)
35 points

Exemplary (A: 36-40)
40 points

Criterion Score

Quality of Initial

Posting

No initial posting exists to

evaluate.

The information provided is

inaccurate, not focused on

the assignment’s topic,

and/or does not answer

the question(s) fully.

Response demonstrates

incomplete understanding

of the topic and/or

inadequate preparation.

The information provided is

accurate, giving a basic

understanding of the

topic(s) covered. A basic

understanding is when you

are able to describe the

terms and concepts

covered. Despite this basic

understanding, initial

posting may not include

complete development of

all aspects of the

assignment.

The information provided is

accurate, displaying a good

understanding of the

topic(s) covered. A good

understanding is when you

are able to explain the

terms and topics covered.

Initial posting

demonstrates sincere

reflection and addresses

most aspects of the

assignment, although all

concepts may not be fully

developed.

The information provided is

accurate, providing an in-

depth, well thought-out

understanding of the

topic(s) covered. An in-

depth understanding

provides an analysis of the

information, synthesizing

what is learned from the

course/assigned readings.

Participation
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-13)
13 points

Satisfactory (C: 14-
16)
16 points

Proficient (B: 17-18)
18 points

Exemplary (A: 19-20)
20 points

Criterion Score

7/27/2021 Rubric Assessment – MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=79786&evalObjectId=395590&evalObjectType=5&userId=4901&groupId=0&rubricId=6574&d2l_b… 2/4

/ 20

Participation
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-13)
13 poi

7/27/2021 Rubric Assessment – MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=79786&evalObjectId=404745&evalObjectType=1&userId=4901&viewTypeId=3&rubricId=244058&… 1/3

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Print RubricSU MHA6120 Week 3 Project Rubric
Course: MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01

/ 60

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–41)
41 points

Satisfactory (C
Range) (42–47)
47 points

Proficient (B Range)
(48–53)
53 points

Exemplary (A Range)
(54–60)
60 points

Criterion Score

Includes all

assignment

components and

meets graduate

level critical

thinking. A

purpose statement

is identified for

the response.

Student did not

submit assignment.

Work minimally

meets assignment

expectations. No

purpose statement is

provided.

Assignment meets

some expectations

with minimal depth

and breath. Purpose

statement is vague.

Assignment meets

most of expectations

with all components

being addressed in

good depth and

breadth. Purpose

statement is present

and appropriate for

the assignment.

Assignment meets all

expectations with

exceptional depth

and breath. A

comprehensive

purpose statement

delineates all

requirements of the

assignment.

/ 55

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–37)
37 points

Satisfactory (C
Range) (38–43)
43 points

Proficient (B Range)
(44–48)
48 points

Exemplary (A Range)
(49–55)
55 points

Criterion Score

Integrates and

understands

assignments

concepts and

topics.

Student did not

submit assignment.

Shows some degree

of understanding of

assignment concepts.

Demonstrates a clear

understanding of

assignment concepts.

Demonstrates the

ability to evaluate

and apply key

assignment concepts.

Demonstrates the

ability to evaluate,

apply and integrate

key assignment

concepts.

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–34)
34 points

Satisfactory (C
Range) (35–39)
39 points

Proficient (B Range)
(40–44)
44 points

Exemplary (A Range)
(45–50)
50 points

Criterion Score

7/27/2021 Rubric Assessment – MHA6120-Management Information Systems in Healthcare SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuni