Literature Search, Rapid Critical Appraisal, and Summary

Checklist: NURS350 Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist

Week 2: PICOT

Book: Research in Nursing 

NR350 Research in Nursing

Literature Search, Rapid Critical Appraisal, and Summary

Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist





Study Question(s)



Dependent(D) if Applicable

Study Design



Size &


Data Collection


Major Finding(s)



Smith, Lewis (2013),

What should I eat? A focus for those living with diabetes. Journal of Nursing Education, 1 (4) 111-112.

How do educational support groups effect dietary modifications in patients with diabetes?

D-Dietary modifications



N- 18

Convenience sample-selected from local support group in Pittsburgh, PA

Focus Groups

Support and education improved compliance with dietary modifications.







Developing PICOT for Wait Times in The ER.

Vanessa Fandino

West Coast University

NURS 350 Research in Nursing

Dr. Sara Turpel

September 5th, 2021

Description of the Topic and the background information

The recent years have experienced an increase in the flow of patients in the emergency department, especially in the Western nations. This has led to the increase in the overcrowding in the emergency department thus extending the waiting times. Many factors have been linked to this phenomenon and one of them is the continuity of the primary care services. Other factors are the availability of specific clinical pathways for chronic patients; and the endowment of the personnel within the emergency departments (Vainieri et al., 2020).

The overcrowding leads to severe limitations of the hospital functions. It leads to delays in the patients’ care and poor healthcare outcomes. The overcrowding is associated with the increased waiting times, and this leads to dissatisfaction from both physicians and nurses who are working under pressure. The patient is also dissatisfied with the services since it makes them wait for long to be treated. Specifically, waiting times are amongst the most important causes of emergency department patients’ dissatisfaction. The adverse effect of the long waiting times in the emergency department is the change in the perception of the patients about the quality of services they are receiving (Vainieri et al., 2020). The complaints of the dissatisfied patient are reported, and this causes more pressure on the policymakers and the hospital managers to develop effective interventions.

The significance of the topic to nursing practice

The study is important to the nursing practice since it reveals the necessary changes that are required to ensure that there is improvement in emergency responses. It enables nurses or hospital management to learn about some of the factors that affect the high emergency waiting times. Some of the factors or concerns that the supervisors in the healthcare facilities can focus on are the emergency department endowment, the productivity of the staff, and the availability of the equipment that can be used to ensure that the problems are solved.

The study is also important since it helps in ensuring that the management can determine how the organization within the hospital facility for example the presence of the fast-tracking paths or the ability of the wards to help with rapid identification of the patients who require urgent admission. The study is also important in the nursing practice since it enables the nurse supervisors or hospital managers to determine the cause of the high admission rates and the increase in the waiting times by the patients. The managers get the oppo

9/26/21, 6:42 PM Week 6: Literature Search, Rapid Critical Appraisal, and Summary 1/3

Week 6: Literature Search, Rapid Critical Appraisal, and Summary

Due Oct 4 by 2:59am Points 200 Submitting a text entry box or a file upload

NURS_350_OL – NURS350-Literature Review with Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklists

Start Assignment

For this assignment, you will locate two research studies related to the topic and PICOT questions that you developed in Week 2. The articles
must be current (within the last five years), and one article must be quantitative, and one article must be qualitative. For this assignment all articles
must be related to the field of nursing.

Article choice is very important, therefore:

Articles used for this assignment cannot be used for the other assignments. The selected articles should be original research studies. Review
articles, concept analysis, meta-analysis, meta-synthesis, integrative review, and systemic review articles should not be used.
Mixed-methods studies should not be used.

There are two parts to this assignment.

Part 1: Complete a Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist (

Select one each: qualitative and quantitative research articles.
Create a Rapid Critical Appraisal Checklist for the two research articles (one column per article).
Complete with brief, concise, summarized information.

Part II: Write a summary (one- to two- pages)

Identify differences between quantitative and qualitative designs and research methods.
Describe the differences in your article’s quantitative and qualitative designs and methods. Carefully review the rubric before you
submit. This summary is using your own words to examine the differences specifically between your articles.
Use current APA Style for your summary paper and to cite your sources.
Submit the checklist and summary.

You must submit the research study articles along with your assignment.

Review the rubric for further information on how your assignment will be graded.

9/26/21, 6:42 PM Week 6: Literature Search, Rapid Critical Appraisal, and Summary 2/3

Criteria Ratings Pts

10 pts

40 pt

Appraisal and
Application of








Evidence-Based Practice for Nurses: Appraisal and Application of Research, Fourth Edi-tion, drives comprehension through various strategies that meet the learning needs of students while also generating enthusiasm about the topic. This interactive approach
addresses different learning styles, making this the ideal text to ensure mastery of key concepts.
The pedagogical aids that appear in most chapters include the following:

Chapter Objectives
These objectives provide
instructors and students
with a snapshot of the
key information they will
encounter in each chapter.
They serve as a checklist to
help guide and focus study.

Key Terms
Found in a list at the
beginning of each chapter
and in bold within the
chapter, these terms
will create an expanded
vocabulary in evidence-based

At the end of this chapter, you will be able to:

Key terms

CHAPter OBJeCtiVes

‹ Define evidence-based practice (EBP)
‹ List sources of evidence for nursing

‹ Identify barriers to the adoption
of EBP and pinpoint strategies to
overcome them

‹ Explain how the process of diffusion
facilitates moving evidence into
nursing practice

‹ Define research
‹ Discuss the contribution of research
to EBP

‹ Categorize types of research
‹ Distinguish between quantitative and
qualitative research approaches

‹ Describe the sections found in
research articles

‹ Describe the cycle of scientific

‹ Identify historical occurrences that
shaped the development of nursing
as a science

‹ Identify factors that will continue to
move nursing forward as a science

‹ Discuss what future trends may
influence how nurses use evidence to
improve the quality of patient care

‹ Identify five unethical studies
involving the violation of the rights of
human subjects

applied research
basic research
cycle of scientific

deductive reasoning
descriptive research
discussion section
early adopters
empirical evidence
evidence-based practice

explanatory research

inductive reasoning
Jewish Chronic Disease

Hospital study
list of references
methods section
model of diffusion of

Nazi experiments
Nuremberg Code
predictive research
pyramid of evidence

qualitative research
quantitative research
replication study
research utilization
results section
review of literature
theoretical framework
Tuskegee study
Willowbrook studies

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