This milestone assignment consists of two parts:

  • Part One: You will identify how your chosen information management strategy affects the practice of professional nursing. Please explain the implications of the chosen strategy on vulnerable populations. Finally, a discussion of the implications of working in a healthcare setting that employs this chosen information management strategy should be included in this section. For instance, does it improve time management, organizational skills, patient safety, workflow, etc.?
  • Part Two: You will discuss the evidence that supports the use of the chosen information management strategy in promoting patient safety. Identify patient safety outcomes from the literature that support your chosen information management strategy. Explain how the patient safety outcomes are improved (or could be improved) by using the chosen strategy.

TOPIC – Pyxis Medication Dispensing System

This document outlines the updated patient safety goals for hospitals as recommended by the Joint Commission.

For additional details, please refer to the Milestone Three Guidelines and Rubric document attached below.

DOCUMENT 1 AND 2 attached below is the introduction part of the topic and adoption of it.. Which can be used as guidance

NUR 305 Final Project Milestone Three Guidelines and Rubric

For Milestone Three of your final project, you will assess the impact of your chosen information technology and management strategy in two parts. First, you will
consider the effects the strategy has on the practice of professional nursing. Second, you will assess the impact of your strategy on promoting patient safety.
Your submission for these two parts must address the following elements:

Part I:

A. Assess the impact of your chosen topic on the practice of professional nursing. In other words, what effect will use of your chosen topic have on nursing
practice in general? Be sure to substantiate your claims with research and examples.

B. Explain the implications of your chosen topic for vulnerable populations with regard to professional nursing practice.
C. Discuss the implications of practicing professional nursing in a healthcare setting that already employs your chosen topic. For example, does it improve

patient safety and/or quality outcomes in that healthcare setting? What effect would your chosen topic have on your nursing practice in that specific
setting? Be sure to substantiate your claims with specific scholarly evidence.

Part II:

A. Summarize the evidence you reviewed that discusses the role your chosen topic plays in promoting patient safety and quality outcomes.
B. Identify specific patient or quality outcomes from the literature you reviewed regarding the use of your chosen topic.
C. Assess the extent to which patient outcomes are, or could be, improved through the use of your chosen topic. Be sure to substantiate your claims with

research and examples.

Guidelines for Submission: Your assessment of the impact should be 2–4 pages in length. Formatting should be 12-point Times New Roman font, double-spaced,
and one-inch margins. References and in-text citations should use proper APA formatting.

Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (88%) Needs Improvement (75%) Not Evident (0%) Value

Patient Safety:


Meets “Proficient” criteria and
evidence cited is rich and provides
compelling support

Summarizes evidence that
discusses the role the chosen
topic plays in promoting patient
safety and quality outcomes

Summarizes evidence, but does
not discuss, or only cursorily
discusses, the role the chosen
topic plays in promoting patient
safety and quality outcomes, or
does not address promotion of
patient safety and quality

Does not summarize evidence 15

Patient Safety:


Meets “Proficient” criteria and
draws nuanced connections
between the chosen topic and
patient outcomes

Identifies specific patient or
quality outcomes from the
literature regarding use of the
chosen topic




Pyxis medstation system is a designed automated dispensing machine that facilitates accurate medication distribution. Medication management is decentralized and has features that help reduce cases and incidences of loading the wrong medication. It also alerts medical providers on the medication to be administered which acts as a cushion for safety precautions for risks that may be encountered, (Utech,, 2017). I chose the topic to facilitate awareness in healthcare facilities to incorporate the program into their operations to enhance patient safety. The machine helps in the reduction of the risks of medication diversion. It literally helps in enhancing safety in healthcare. Previous times drugs were dispensed into patient units using the hybrid model and medication was supplied by the central pharmacy. Peripheral stock located in each care unit has overseen the dispensing of drugs to each patient successfully. Incorporation of the Pyxis has reduced the fatigue the healthcare personnel used to record the drugs dispensed manually.

The machine is very crucial in all medical care centers because it has been recommended to be the best mechanism in improving efficiency at work and patient’s safety. Patients’ safety has been guaranteed because of the barcode verification included in the machine. The machine has positive impacts and outcomes to healthcare centers as it has helped minimize the time spent by nurses in inventory management of drugs. This was to enhance efficiency and improve the performance of urgent care needed by the patients. It also provided pharmacists with a humble time and had time to perform other activities at the health care facility, (Dobson,, 2018). It has also reduced drug storage errors and efficiency in resource management. It has been used in handling the health-related errors that occur from time to time in healthcare. This machine facilitates patient care and safety as it saves lives because it is accurate in the administration of medications to patients. Therefore, it is important to assert that these machines have high standards of ensuring patients are safe from any harm.


Dobson, G., Sullivan, S., Tilson, V., & Webster, D. (2018). Reducing Costs of Managing Medication Inventory in Automated Dispensing System in Hospital Units.

Utech, T., Davis, K. E., & Jaskela, M. C. (2017). U.S. Patent No. 9,842,196. Washington, DC: U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.



Pyxis Medication Dispensing System (PMDS)

PMDS Adoption

Over the last few decades, the world has witnessed a tremendous growth in technology that is being applied across all sectors of the economy to aid its daily operations. Notably, one of the most significant healthcare technologies adopted by most healthcare providers is the Pyxis Medication Dispensing System (PMDS). PMDS is a “sophisticated automated medication dispensing system that uses technology to help healthcare practitioners to store medications, dispense them, and also track the medication records” (Mackert et al., 2016). PMDS is fitted with an enhanced technology comprising of a bar-code scan that helps clinicians to get the right medication for a particular patient. Medical practitioners and nurses can also use this system to ensure they issue the right dosage to a patient while at the same evading errors that may occur when prescribing drugs to the patient. This inbuilt scanner also helps to ensure that the right medications are put into the cabinet during the process of restocking. The system has also the capability of warning the users from taking more than the prescribed drugs in order to avoid waste (Tsao et al., 2014).


The adoption of Pyxis Medication Dispensing System can be advantageous to both the patients and the healthcare providers. First, it helps to enhance and improve the efficiency during the process of dispensing drugs since the system offers a single and central point of drug dispensation. This is because it reduces the manual way of counting medication to ensure that they are in their right doses hence saving labor and time (de-Carvalho, Alvim-Borges & Toscano, 2017). Secondly, the system helps to ensure that the patient safety is enhanced. By using the inbuilt scanner, the clinician can ensure that right medication is issued to the patient in the appropriate dosage. Thirdly, the system can be used to minimize the costs linked to carrying out the inventory process manually since the PMDS helps the organization to order the pharmaceuticals according to the current demand and supply (de-Carvalho, Alvim-Borges & Toscano, 2017).


Despite the advantages associated with the adoption of Pyxis Medication Dispensing System by any healthcare facility, the system has got a number of shortcomings. The first disadvantage is costs linked to the installation and maintenance of the system is very high. Secondly, is the security and system failure can lead to the administration of wrong medication –something that can be dangerous to patients or end users (de-Carvalho, Alvim-Borges & Toscano, 2017).