1) Minimum 8  full pages (Follow the 3 x 3 rule: minimum three paragraphs per page)

              Part 1: Minimum 7 pages

              Part 2: minimum 1 page

Submit 1 document per part

2)¨******APA norms, please use headers

          All paragraphs must be narrative and cited in the text- each paragraphs

          Bulleted responses are not accepted

          Dont write in the first person 

          Dont copy and pase the questions.

          Answer the question objectively, do not make introductions to your answers, answer it when you start the paragraph

         Submit 1 document per part

3)****************************** It will be verified by Turnitin (Identify the percentage of exact match of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks) 

********************************It will be verified by SafeAssign (Identify the percentage of similarity of writing with any other resource on the internet and academic sources, including universities and data banks)

4) Minimum 5 references per part not older than 5 years

5) Identify your answer with the numbers, according to the question.


Q 1. Nursing is XXXXX

Q 2. Health is XXXX

6) You must name the files according to the part you are answering: 


Part 1.doc 

Part 2.doc 


Part 1: Tuberculosis

 Write a paper in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. 

Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment (This pages must be in the references).


1. Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). 

   a. Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc.

2.. Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.

3. Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. 

     a. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?

4. Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community.

5. Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.

6. Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.


Part 2: 


Issue: Infection Control and Prevention 

Topics: Cleaning and disinfection; Standards precaution and Cross-contamination

Place:  University Plaza Nursing and Rehabilitation center

Review your strategic plan (check File 1) to implement the change proposal, the objectives, the outcomes, and listed resources (Check File 2). 

1. Develop a process to evaluate the intervention if it were implemented. Write a summary of the evaluation plan that will be used to evaluate your intervention.



Infection Prevention and Control

The increasing urge for infection prevention and control in healthcare has led to the development of new technology for this purpose. These technologies have improved the situation and many infectious diseases have been prevented. Cross-contamination in hospitals is caused by contaminated devices which are believed that washing alone has been suboptimal and needs a backup with this new technology. Some of these technologies include; room cleaning records, fluorescent markers, antimicrobial markers, and antimicrobial textiles, and hand hygiene monitoring technology (Lin et.al, 2020).

The facility staff can support the disinfection and cleaning through making water and detergents available in each room in the facility. They should put posters in each entry to urge people to clean and sterilize their crucial hands and their advantages. The staff as a stakeholder should also buy equipment that makes disinfection and cleaning faster like ultrasonic cleaners, washer-sanitizers, and washer-decontaminators (Chowdhary, Voss & Meis, 2016). Other stakeholders include the government which should ensure sufficient funds for the facility to allow them to purchase the required equipment. When the best equipment is used, it reduces the risk of infection and disease spread. Equipment issued by Non-governmental organizations as stakeholders should also be put in practice to ensure prevention and control of infections. Other stakeholders are the customers and should be educated about the advantages and disadvantages of cleaning and disinfection in disease and infection control and prevention (Hutahaean, Anggraini, & Nababan, 2019)

Using this technology in a health care facility can improve the quality of services aimed at the prevention and control of infectious diseases. Detecting those health care workers who do not adhere to the handwashing guidelines as they enter and exit patient areas will help in warning. This is to remind them that hand washing and disinfecting is the most essential way in disease prevention and control.


Lin, C., Braund, W. E., Auerbach, J., Chou, J. H., Teng, J. H., Tu, P., & Mullen, J. (2020). Policy Decisions and Use of Information Technology to Fight Coronavirus Disease, Taiwan. Emerging infectious diseases26(7), 1506

Chowdhary, A., Voss, A., & Meis, J. F. (2016). Multidrug-resistant Candida Auris:‘new kid on the block’ in hospital-associated infections?. Journal of Hospital Infection94(3), 209-21



Capstone Project Summary

The project research will focus on infection control and prevention in health care facilities to help them achieve effective implementation of the infection control and prevention program. Hospital-acquired infections are one of the main concerns that worry clinicians and the patients admitted to the hospital (Mehta et al. 2014). In consideration of the mortality rate and the increased length of admission days and hospital costs, it is important to implement infection control and prevention programs to make hospitals infection-free facilities (Arefian, Vogel, Kwetkat & Hartmann, 2016). This capstone project’s main objective is to use evidence-based clinical practices strategy to find measures in healthcare facilities leadership that can assist in infection control and prevention program. The project’s purpose will be to reduce challenges the healthcare sanitation staff faces in the process of infection control and prevention through the assistance of the management or leaders in healthcare facilities. This project’s topic falls under leadership since it is the responsibility of healthcare facility management to ensure that there are proper sanitation and infection control programs.

The interventions implemented in the project are also leadership-based since they will mainly involve implementing administrative measures to ensure that there are proper infection control and prevention programs in healthcare facilities. Some of the administrative measures include implementing policies for reducing contamination sources and ensuring enough workforce in the infection control team. It is anticipated that through spreading the strategies of infection control and prevention with the leadership’s assistance in healthcare facilities, the increasing rate of hospital-acquired infection will reduce, and there will be better sanitation management in healthcare facilities (Bert, Giacomelli, Ceresetti & Zotti, 2019).


Arefian, H., Vogel, M., Kwetkat, A., & Hartmann, M. (2016). Economic evaluation of interventions for the prevention of hospital-acquired infections: a systematic review. PloS one, 11(1), e0146381.

Bert, F., Giacomelli, S., Ceresetti, D., & Zotti, C. M. (2019). World Health Organization framework: multimodal hand hygiene strategy in Piedmont (Italy) health care facilities. Journal of Patient Safety, 15(4), 317.

Mehta, Y., Gupta, A., Todi, S., Myatra, S. N., Samaddar, D. P., Patil, V., … & Ramasubban, S. (2014). Guidelines for the prevention of hospital-acquired infections. Indian journal of critical care medicine: peer-reviewed, official publication of Indian Society of Critical Care Medicine, 18(