1. What are the responsibilities of community and public health nurses in promoting health and decreasing illness and injury in populations, families, and individuals?
  2. APA style
  3. 3 paragraphs
  4. 2 reference

Chapter 5: Frameworks for Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

1

Chapter Highlights #1

Influences on health and well-being

Role of the nurse as an interdisciplinary team member in health promotion and prevention

Health promotion programs

Epidemiologic models of health promotion and public health science

Levels of prevention and pathogenesis

Immunizations

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Chapter Highlights #2

Screening

Behavior change theories

Ecologic model and women living with HIV/AIDS

Health literacy

Interactive health literacy and health education

Critical health literacy and health promotion

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #1

Is the following statement true or false?

International goals and directives to maintain the health of individuals, families, and communities are significant road maps for healthcare professionals.

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Answer to Question #1

False

National, not international, goals and directives to maintain the health of individuals, families, and communities are significant road maps for healthcare professionals.

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health

Health—a quality, an ability to adapt to change, or a resource to help cope with challenges and processes of daily living

Well-being—a subjective perception of full functional ability as a human being

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Health Promotion, Disease Prevention, and Risk Reduction as Core Activities of Public Health

Providing essential input to interdisciplinary programs

Evaluating health trends and risk factors

Working with communities or specific population groups within the community

Participating in assessing and evaluating healthcare services

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Chapter 6: Epidemiology:
The Science of Prevention

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Chapter Highlights

Defining epidemiology

Development of epidemiology as a science

Epidemiologic conceptual frameworks

Applying epidemiologic principles in practice

Assessment of health needs and assets

Using assessment data for planning and implementing interventions

Promoting healthy lifestyles

Preventing and controlling outbreaks

Contributing to a safe and healthy environment

Evaluating the effectiveness of health services

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #1

Is the following statement true or false?

Epidemic—an outbreak that occurs when there is an increased incidence of a disease beyond that which is normally found in the population

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Answer to Question #1

True

Rationale: Epidemic—an outbreak that occurs when there is an increased incidence of a disease beyond that which is normally found in the population.

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Defining Epidemiology #1

Study of the distribution and determinants of states of health and illness in human populations; used both as a research methodology for studying states of health and illness, and as a body of knowledge that results from the study of a specific state of health or illness

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Defining Epidemiology #2

Epidemic—an outbreak that occurs when there is an increased incidence of a disease beyond that which is normally found in the population

Rates—the primary measurement used to describe either the occurrence or the existence of a specific state of health or illness

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved

Question #2

Who is perhaps the best known epidemiologist of the 19th century?

John Graunt

William Farr

John Snow

Florence Nightingale

Copyright © 2020 Wolters Kluwer · All Rights Reserved