Read all the requirements and understand everything.

Choose only one case study from the list.

Instructions are provided

Use an APA referencing convention (6th

edition) referencing.

No Plagiarism

No Wikipedia

Please check all the grammar

Requirements:

Assessment Task 3: Essay

Description:

– Students are to review the Case Studies discussing an ethical issue in health care practice. The essay topic will be “An Ethical Dilemma.”

– Students are required to select the scenario that may be representative of a role their own health professional discipline can be involved in the ethical dilemma and compare and contrast their duties in the chosen scenario to the duties of one other health care professional. If students are studying in a course that is a dual degree, they can focus on their two professional specialties for this assessment task.

– Students should identify the conflicting ethical priorities in this case study and discuss them in relation to the following areas of ethical and professional reasoning:

• Professional Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct & Position Statements.

• The ethical theories and principles relevant to this given practice area

• Human dignity and human rights

Due date:

September 24, 2017

Length and/or format:

2000 words +/- 10%

Purpose:

To demonstrate an understanding of the ethical requirements of professional practice

A QUICK OVERVIEW ON ESSAY WRITING

·
In an essay, you are attempting to answer a question
.

· In
this
essay, you will be asking, in general: what does a health care professional do when faced with particular ethical issues and conflicts. You go about answering that question by considering it from a range of perspectives (as set out in the assessment task)

1) Your essay should have:

· an introduction in which you identify the case study you have chosen, outline the essay discussion, briefly specify the main points, and briefly state your proposed recommendations for professional practice

· a body in which you work through the required perspectives in order to answer the essay question. Each paragraph should address one idea only. Keep working through the perspectives until you have considered the ethical issue(s) from all the required perspectives and made some recommendations for professional practice. Remember: all the ideas you use should be supported by reference to the literature/ course material.

· A conclusion in which you bring together your main points and provide an answer to your question. Do not introduce any new material in your conclusion – just sum up the discussion

ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING:

1. Identify the relevant ethical issues at stake
2. Consider the key issues (eg requirements of

justice) from the perspective of one or more
ethical theory

3. Clarify issue in relation to ethical principles &
values:

4. Clarify issue in relation to professional
requirements/ commitments:

5. Take into account the ethical requirements of the
health care professional/patient relationship, eg:

Deontology Virtue Theory

Utilitarianism Egalitarianism

Natural Law Feminism

Libertarianism

Principles Virtues

Beneficence
Non-maleficence
Justice
Respect for Pt Autonomy
Respect for Human Dignity
Veracity/ honesty
Respect Pt Confidentiality
Principle of Double Effect

Professional codes of ethics

Professional codes of
conduct

Legal Requirements

What are the goals of the health care intervention? Who benefits?
Is the patient competent to consent? If so, does the patient
understand the benefits & risks of intervention & of non-
intervention? Has the patient actually consented? If incapacitated,
who is the patient’s surrogate? Has the patient provided advance
directives?
What are the plans in case of therapeutic futility? Is the patient’s
reasonable refusal of treatment respected? Is actual care assured?

Are there any possible/ identifiable conflicts of interest at issue?
Is the decision fair and, in other ways, just? Does the decision ensure
loyalty to the patient? Is the patient’s dignity respected? In the case
of transplant surgery, who is the patient? Are patients’ rights /
dignity protected? What is owed to research participants?

Benevolence; kindness; fidelity
Care; gentleness; patience
Justice; compassion
Humaneness;
Honesty; consolation; empathy
Respectfulness
Considerateness
Practical wisdom

1

GUIDE TO WRITING AT3 – THE ESSAY

Select a case study from given options (see 02 – Essay Case Studies.pdf)
and address the following points:

1) Identify the ethical issues at stake in your chosen case study

2) Establish and defend an ethical perspective on the issues

3) Discuss the ethical issues from the perspectives of:

 The requirement to respect human dignity & human rights;

 Your future profession’s codes of ethics/ professional conduct & professional

standards;

 One ethical theory you have studied in the unit; &

 The principles of health care ethics

4) Make recommendations for professional practice

2

A week by week plan

Week Activity My Notes

1 Read assessment task & marking criteria. Prepare to jot down
ideas & note the sources from where you read those ideas each
week. It is very helpful to record your references as you use
them. Don’t waste valuable time later on looking for
references/ sources that you have not already recorded

2 Choose a case study that addresses concerns that are most likely
to involve members of your future profession.

Identify one or more ethical issues in the case scenario.

Consider the issue(s) in the light of the professional codes of
conduct, code of ethics (if relevant), and professional standards

3 Choose one ethical theory (e.g. deontology – duty-based ethics
or virtue ethics) from which to draw theoretical support for
your discussion/ argument(s). This is required on the marking
rubric under the section: Analysis of ethical issues and conflicts

4 Consider the issues you have identified in relation to the
notions of human dignity & human rights. Jot down some ways
of applying them in your discussion

5 Consider the issue(s) from the perspective of the principles of
beneficence, non-maleficence and respect for patient
autonomy. What if those principles conflict? Consider, also,
confidentiality, privacy and veracity (truth-telling). You don’t
have to be able to solve the conflicts between the principles yet
– just be aware of them at this stage. You may wish to at least
acknowledge/ mention this awareness in your essay

6 Consider the conflict(s) in relation to the principle of justice (if
relevant). What would the law/ professional tribunals require?

Prepare questions on the essay for this week’s tutorial class

7 By week 7, you should have a plan for how to go about writing
the essay. If you require assistance with essay writing, go to the
ACU website, or click on here:
https://www.studentportal.acu.edu.au/ACUInfo/ss/academic-skills-unit

https://www.studentport

Assessment Task 3 – Essay Marking Guide (100 marks weighted 50% of final grade)
CRITERIA HD

85 – 100%
DI

75 – 84%
CREDIT
65 – 74%

PASS
50 – 64%

NN
< 50%

Introduction

(5 marks)

A succinct & sophisticated
outline of discussion is
provided, including
identification of chosen
case study & main points of
argument

A succinct outline of
discussion is
provided, including
identification of
chosen case study &
main points of
argument

A clear outline of
discussion is provided,
including identification
of chosen case study &
main points of
argument

An outline of
discussion is
provided, including
identification of
chosen case study &
main points of
argument

Introduction is
confused; chosen
case study is not
identified; only some
points of argument are
identified

Identification of
ethical issues
(5 marks)

All ethical issues are
identified & explained
comprehensively

All ethical issues are
identified & explained
clearly

Some ethical issues
are identified &
explained

Some ethical issues
are identified

Identification of ethical
issues is missing or
confused

Analysis of ethical
issues and conflicts

(15 marks)

A sophisticated, reasoned
discussion of points of
conflict between ethical
obligations, ethical goals
&/or values is provided

A reasoned & logical
discussion of points of
conflict between
ethical obligations,
ethical goals &/or
values is provided

A clear & logical
discussion of points of
conflict between ethical
obligations, ethical
goals &/or values is
provided

A logical discussion of
points of conflict
between ethical
obligations &/or
values is provided

Points of conflict
between ethical
obligations &/or values
is missing or confused

Discussion of
professional codes

(15 marks)

A reasoned and
sophisticated application of
relevant professional codes
&/ or professional standards
is provided

A reasoned
application of relevant
professional codes &/
or professional
standards is provided

A clear application of
relevant professional
codes &/ or
professional standards
is provided

An application of
relevant professional
codes &/ or
professional
standards is provided

An application of
relevant professional
codes &/ or
professional standards
is missing or confused

Discussion of
human dignity/
rights
(15 marks)

A sophisticated & reasoned
analysis of the case in
relation to the notion of
human dignity is provided

A reasoned analysis
of the case in relation
to the notion of human
dignity is provided

A clear analysis of the
case in relation to the
no

CASE STUDIES

Case Study 1

Henry has been practising as a physiotherapist for 8 years. He works in an inner-city medical centre

along with orthopaedic surgeons, a podiatrist, a rheumatologist, a radiologist, and a massage therapist.

Henry has been treating Jim, a 73 year old man, following bilateral knee replacements. After 3 months

of therapy, Jim has shown little improvement in mobility; his wife tells you that Jim is not following his

exercise program at home. Henry has a waiting list of patients who need his assistance; for this reason,

he decides to discontinue Jim’s treatment. Instead, he suggests that Jim see the massage therapist.

Later that week, the practice manager, Sally, calls a meeting with Henry to discuss his decision to

discontinue Jim’s treatment as she believes that such measures could undermine the reputation of the

practice. She warns Henry that if he discontinues treating patients, they will go elsewhere. Later, Henry

raises his concerns with the practice manager over the well-being of one of the surgeons. He tells Sally

that the surgeon frequently arrives to work smelling of alcohol, including on those days on which he

performs surgery. Sally offers to speak with the surgeon, assuring Henry that he does not need to

intervene in this matter. Weeks go by and the surgeon continues to arrive at work in the same

condition.

Select only one case study from the list below and address the following points:

1) Identify the ethical issues at stake in your chosen case study

2) Establish a clear ethical perspective on the issues

3) Recognise an alternative perspective to your own

4) Discuss the ethical issues from the perspectives of:

 The requirement to respect human dignity and human rights;

 your future profession’s codes of ethics/ professional conduct & professional

standards;

 one ethical theory you have studied in this unit; &

 the principles of health care ethics

5) Make recommendations for professional practice

Case Study 2

Camilla works on a surgical unit in a large, inner-city hospital. One morning shift, she is assigned to care

for Sam, a 21 year-old man who was admitted during the night for investigation of acute abdominal

pain. His medical history includes multiple admissions to the emergency department for treatment of

(among other things) drug-related psychosis. At the beginning of her shift, Camilla attempts to check

Sam’s vital signs but is unable to do so as he is very agitated, attempting to push her away. He is also

calling out and unable to answer her questions rationally. Camilla asks the medical team to review Sam

as she is conce