Module 4 – SLP

HEALTH BEHAVIOR: RESEARCH FINDINGS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

By now if you put together your SLP papers from Module 1 – 3, you have a program/intervention proposal to address a health behavior problem. Carefully read through your SLP papers from Modules 1 through 3.

Write an abstract (1 page in length) briefly describing your whole proposal. Be sure to use subheadings.

The following items will be assessed in particular:

  1. Describe the problem health behavior and the target population.
  2. Summary of the program goal and objectives.
  3. Briefly describe your strategies for program implementation and evaluation.
  4. Discuss what contribution the results/findings from your proposed program will make to the field of health sciences.

SLP Assignment Expectations

Assessment and Grading: Your paper will be assessed based on the performance assessment rubric. You can view it under Assessments at the top of the page. Review it before you begin working on the assignment. Your work should also follow these Assignment Expectations.

Running head: MOD 3 SLP BHE418 1

MOD 3 SLP BHE418 2

Module 3 SLP BHE418

Trident University International

Elizabeth Davis

Module 3 SLP BHE418

Program General Goal/Objective and Specific objectives of the Program

The general goal of the program is to reduce the rate of teenage pregnancy among the youth aged 13 to 19 years old. The learning objective of the program is to educate the youths aged 13 to 19 years old on the importance of avoiding sexual intercourse so as to avoid early pregnancies while the behavioral objective of the program is to come up with best behavioral strategies which will enable the youth aged 13 to 19 to abstain from sexual activities.

Work plan of reducing the rate of teen pregnancy

Goal

Objectives

Activities/Strategies/Steps

To reduce the rate of teenage pregnancy among the youth aged 13 to 19 years old.

To educate the youths aged 13 to 19 years old on the importance of avoiding sexual intercourse so as to avoid early pregnancies.

Organizing education conferences, media campaigns, seminars, counseling sessions etc.

To come up with best behavioral strategies which will enable the youth aged 13 to 19 to abstain from sexual activities.

Emphasizing on positive behavior change through charity walks, online campaigns, public awareness etc.

Measures of Success

Data Measurement Tools/Evaluation

Time frame for Assessing Progress

Team Members Responsible

Reduction in the rate of pregnancy among teens by 20 percent

Conducting surveys through questionnaires and interviews

One Year

Program Manager

Program Assistant Manager

Program Officers

Retrieving data from Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS)

One Year

Program Manager

Program Assistant Manager

Program Officers

Evaluating effectiveness of the program

It is important for Program officers to collect data at the community level in order to evaluate and assess the outcomes and activities of the program. Evaluation is an essential activity which should be carried out (Posavac, 2015). A program requires regular checks and moni

Running head: MODULE 2 SLP 1

MODULE 2 SLP 2

MODULE 2 SLP

Elizabeth Davis

Trident International University

Module 2 SLP

Introduction

Over the past years, there has been cases of teens aged 13 and 19 becoming pregnant. This issue of teen pregnancy has been emerging over the past years. It is a serious issue, which must be addressed as early as possible. Many factors have been attributed to teen pregnancy. The major factors are socio-economic in nature. Most of the teens that get pregnant come from less fortunate families. People take advantage of their vulnerability and seek sexual favors from them so as to assist them in one way or another. Another major cause of teen pregnancy is lack of information pertaining to consequences of engaging in sex. Most of the teens that engage in sex are not aware of their activities. They indulge in sexual activities and find themselves pregnant in the long run. It is therefore important to adequately address the issue of teenage pregnancy. Although the rate of teenage pregnancy has been declining it is important to put more efforts to counter this emerging trend among the teens. This paper therefore seeks to highlight various strategies that will be used to reduce the rate of pregnancy among teenagers.

Program General Goal/Objective

The general goal of the program is to reduce the rate of teenage pregnancy among the youth aged 13 to 19 years old.

Specific objectives of the Program

Learning objective- To educate the youths aged 13 to 19 years old on the importance of avoiding sexual intercourse so as to avoid early pregnancies.

Behavioral objective- To come up with best behavioral strategies which will enable the youth aged 13 to 19 to abstain from, sexual activities.

Evidence-based Strategies of reducing the rate of teen pregnancy

There are various evidence-based strategies that have been shown effective in reducing the rate of early pregnancies among teens. One of the strategies that have been effective in reducing teen pregnancy is the advice and directions from parents. Parents play a significant role in upbringing of their children. Many teens have been able to heed what their parents have told them pertaining to avoiding indulging in sex. Most have the parents have counseling sessions for their children. The parents have always imposed strict guidelines in such a way that teens would fear engaging in sexual activities. Empirical findings also show that also show that learning institutions particularly schools have greatly contributed to decline in the rate of teen pregnancies. Many schools have couns

Running Head: MODULE 1- SLP 1

MODULE 1: SLP 2

Teen Pregnancy

Elizabeth Davis

Trident International University

7 February 2019

Introduction

Teen pregnancy also referred to as adolescence pregnancy occurs when young females of age 13 to 19 years become pregnant. There are many challenges associated with these kind of pregnancies most of them being socioeconomic factors. This particular population normally consists of students who have little information about parenthood. Most often, teenage pregnancies occur unintentionally, and they lead to negative effects on the teenage mother. Since teenage mothers do not have the necessary resources to withstand healthy habits during the pregnancy, they often give birth to unhealthy babies. This study focuses on assessing background information about teen pregnancy, explaining the significance of addressing the behavior, and explaining the consequences that the behaviors have on the individual’s health.

Background information

Despite America being among the top industrialized nations in the world, it is the leading industrialized nation in teen pregnancies. In the year 2016 alone, 209,809 babies were born by teen mothers aged 15-19 years (Hamilton & Mathews, 2016). This number of babies born in that year equates to 20.3 births for teenage females in that age bracket. The number has however, been declining over the years, and the 20.3 births represents a 9% decline when compared to the birth rate in 2015 (Hamilton & Mathews, 2016). The figure also represents a 67% decline when compared with the birth rate in 1991 when Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) started to put emphasis on the behavior (Hamilton & Mathews, 2016).

Teen pregnancy is of critical concern because it has been reported to be the leading cause of deaths in young adolescents during child birth. The deaths are often initiated by the lack of resources to support healthy habits during the pregnancy period. The teenage deaths are also accelerated by the desperation the teenage mothers experience when they are rejected by many people including family members. A majority of the pregnant teens start engaging in dangerous behaviors such as drinking alcohol and cigarette smoking while seeking solace. They subsequently, expose their life, and that of the baby to more danger. The rejection that the pregnant teens face also causes some of them to opt for suicide, in a bid to evade the humiliation.

Usually, teen pregnancy varies with age, race, ethnicity, and region. According to teen pregnancy statistics collected in the year 2016, 74 percent of the births were from teenagers aged 18-1