The interpretation of research in health care is essential to decision-making. By understanding research, health care providers can identify risk factors, trends, outcomes for treatment, health care costs, and best practices. To be effective in evaluating and interpreting research, the reader must first understand how to interpret the findings. You will practice article analysis in Topics 2, 3, and 5.

For this assignment:

On the three articles attached with this question, complete and fill an article analysis for each using the “Article Analysis” template attached with this question.

While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines.

Article Analysis 1

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format)

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Point

Description

Description

Description

Broad Topic Area/Title


Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables


Population of Interest for the Study

Sample

Sampling Method

Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.

© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

2

Article Analysis 1

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format)

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Point

Description

Description

Description

Broad Topic Area/Title


Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables


Population of Interest for the Study

Sample

Sampling Method

Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.

© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

2

Article Analysis 1

Article Citation and Permalink (APA format)

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Point

Description

Description

Description

Broad Topic Area/Title


Identify Independent and Dependent Variables and Type of Data for the Variables


Population of Interest for the Study

Sample

Sampling Method

Descriptive Statistics (Mean, Median, Mode; Standard Deviation)

Identify examples of descriptive statistics in the article.

Inferential Statistics

Identify examples of inferential statistics in the article.

© 2019. Grand Canyon University. All Rights Reserved.

2

http://wjst.wu.ac.th Health Sciences

Walailak J Sci & Tech 2019; 16(12): 909-919.

An Integrative Literature Review of Basal-Bolus Insulin versus
Sliding-Scale Insulin for Glycemic Management in the Hospitalized
Non-Critically Ill Type 2 Diabetic Patient

Lindy HERR1 and Ladda THIAMWONG2,*

1Orlando Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Orlando, Florida, United States
2College of Nursing, University of Central Florida, United States

(*Corresponding author’s e-mail: [email protected])

Received: 22 May 2017, Revised: 11 February 2018, Accepted: 26 March 2018

Abstract

Diabetes is an increasingly common chronic disease that affects the body’s normal ability to control
blood glucose levels due to impaired use of the hormone insulin. It is estimated that one out of every 4
adults who are hospitalized also have a diagnosis of diabetes. Diabetic inpatients face unique challenges
in regards to managing their blood glucose while hospitalized due to the physiological stress of acute
illness. Unfortunately, those who experience inadequate blood glucose management in the hospital are at
an increased risk for poor patient outcomes, such as infection, increased length of stay, and death. There
are multiple medications used to regulate blood sugar levels; however, the most commonly prescribed
treatment for inpatients is the traditional sliding-scale regimen followed by the basal-bolus insulin
regimen. An integrated literature review was conducted to determine if basal-bolus insulin is more
effective than sliding-scale insulin in managing blood glucose levels of non-critically ill diabetic
inpatients. Four well-known databases were searched and 5 relevant quantitative research articles were
obtained and analyzed. The majority of the evidence supports basal-bolus insulin as the most effective
treatment for managing blood glucose and preventing hyperglycemia without increasing the risk for
hypoglycemia. Health care providers should order basal-bolus insulin accordingly in order to improve
patient outcomes. Future research that questions why sliding-scale insulin is still widely prescribed may
identify barriers related to ordering basal-bolus insulin and assist in decreasing related adverse events.

Keywords: Basal-bolus insulin, blood glucose, diabetes, glycemic control, inpatient, sliding-scale insulin

Introduction

Diabetes is a chronic condition that occurs when an individual is unable to properly produce or
utilize insulin, which leads to impaired regulation of blood glucose levels [1]. In 2017, diabetes affected
nearly 29.1 million people in the United States and approximately 1.4 million new cases have been
recognized every year across the country [1]. The pervasiveness of diabetes in the

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Australian Critical Care 29 (2016) 5–14

Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

Australian Critical Care

j o u r n a l h o m e p a g e : w w w . e l s e v i e r . c o m / l o c a t e / a u c c

est nursing review paper

hat is the relationship between elements of ICU treatment and
emories after discharge in adult ICU survivors?

eanne M. Aitken PhD, RN a,b,c,∗,
aria I. Castillo PhD, RN a,b,

manda Ullman MAppSci, GCPICU, RN a,
sa Engström PhD, RN, CCN d,
athryn Cunningham PhD, MSc, MA (Honours) e,

anice Rattray PhD, MN, RGN, SCM f

School of Nursing & Midwifery & NHMRC Centre of Research Excellence in Nursing (NCREN), Centre for Health Practice Innovation, Menzies Health
nstitute Queensland, Griffith University, Australia
Intensive Care Unit, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Australia
School of Health Sciences, City University London, UK
Division of Nursing, Department of Health Science, Luleå University of Technology, Sweden
Population Health Sciences, Medical Research Institute, University of Dundee, UK
School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Dundee, UK

t the conclusion of this article a Continuing Professional Development activity is
ttached

r t i c l e i n f o r m a t i o n

rticle history:
eceived 6 July 2015
eceived in revised form
0 November 2015
ccepted 30 November 2015

eywords:
emory
elusion
sychological recovery
ritical care
vidence based nursing

a b s t r a c t

Objectives: Patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) often experience distressing memories during
recovery that have been associated with poor psychological and cognitive outcomes. The aim of this
literature review was to synthesise the literature reporting on relationships between elements of ICU
treatment and memories after discharge in adult ICU survivors.
Review method used: Integrative review methods were used to systematically search, select, extract,
appraise and summarise current knowledge from the available research and identify gaps in the literature.
Data sources: The following electronic databases were systematically searched: PubMed, Ovid EMBASE,
EBSCOhost CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Additional studies were
identified through searches of bibliographies. Original quantitative research articles written in English
that were published in peer-review journals were included.
Review methods: Data extracted from studies included authors, study aims, population, sample size and
characteristics, methods, I

Cancer Treatment and Research Communications 27 (2021) 100316

Available online 29 January 2021
2468-2942/© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license
(http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/).

A scoping review of literature: What has been studied about adolescents
and young adults (AYAs) with cancer?

Camila M. Telles a, b, *

a Graduating in Psychology – Senior year, Positivo University – Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil (Student)
b Teen Cancer America – Los Angeles, California, the United States of America (Intern Pro Cancer)

A R T I C L E I N F O

Keywords:
Scoping review
Field gaps
Study purposes
Research goals

A B S T R A C T

Purpose: To map, organize and analyze the articles published in the last five years about AYAs with cancer.
Methods: CAPES database and Google Scholar were searched to identify relevant studies from 2015 to February
2020. Eligible articles included empirical or theoretical research, quantitative and/or qualitative studies, tar-
geted AYAs with cancer, addressed different topics related to AYAs such as unmet needs, hospital challenges,
interventions or tools based on evidence, as well as political and socioeconomic aspects.
Results: Of the 161 articles analyzed, 74 (46%) discussed the health system, including hospital dynamics,
treatment and interventions during treatment; 63 (39.1%) discussed aspects or interventions that influence the
quality of life and mental health of AYAs with cancer; 14 (8.7%) discussed issues related to sexual health; and 10
(6.2%) addressed social, economic and demographic problems of AYAs with cancer. Three types of purposes have
been identified in the articles: 118 (73.3%) investigated variables in areas related to AYAs with cancer, aiming to
increase the understanding of the phenomenon and the needs of AYAs; 18 (11.2%) intervened on the needs of
AYAs with cancer through pilot studies or evidence-based interventions; and 22 (13.7%) aimed to evaluate an
intervention previously performed or to evaluate an intervention based on evidence.
Conclusion: There is still much to be researched within the last two categories. In the last three years, these
categories have been growing gradually and on a small scale.

Introduction

The scarcity of support, service and research personalized to the
health of adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer or survivors
is evident[1,2,3,4,5]. In recent years, even with advances of health and
science professionals in the awareness of the importance of looking at
this audience and developing specific interventions for them, there are
still many gaps to be filled[6,7]. Due to the diversity of these gaps, filling
them effectively may become even more difficult for professionals and
researchers in the area. This article aims to map, organiz