Number of Pages: 6 (Double Spaced)

Number of sources: 2

Writing Style: APA

Type of document: Essay

Academic Level:Master

Category:   Nursing

Language Style: English (U.S.)

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#1774868 Topic: Health Care

Number of sources: 2
Writing Style: APA
Type of document: Essay
Academic Level:Master
Number of Pages: 6 (Double Spaced)
Category: Nursing
Language Style: English (U.S.)
Order Instructions:


Professional Development:

After reading the Lasiuk and Ferguson (2005) article, analyze Beck’s approach to theory development.
Find an example of a middle range theory that does not contain a conceptual model. Create a model (narrative or graphical) that depicts the relationships between and among the concepts.
Using the same middle range theory as above, complete the components of a theory grid (CLICK HERE!).
Please note:

Each response should be 500-1000 words
APA formatting required
Although each response is a separate essay of 500-1000 words, all responses should be combined into a single document for submission
Please be sure to utilize at least TWO scholarly sources in addition to your textbook

McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2014). Philosophy, Science and Nursing. In Theoretical basis for nursing (4th ed., pp. 11-12). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer – Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Components of a Theory




Concepts and Definitions


Theoretical Statements


Structure and Linkages






Components of a Theory




Concepts and Definitions


Theoretical Statements


Structure and Linkages






Adi-ances in Nurstnn Science
Vol. 28, No. 2. pp. l27-liS6
© 2(HIS Uppinc-oti WUIUma & Wilkins. tut

From Practice to Midrange
Theory and Back Again
Beck’s Theory of Postpartum
Depression . . ,

Gerri C. Lasiuk, MN, RN; Linda M. Ferguson, MN, RN

This article presents a brief overview of theory as background for a more detailed discussion
of midrange theory—its origins, the critical role for midnmge theory in the development of
nursing practice knowledge, and the criteria for evaluating midrange theory. We then chron-
icle Chery! Tatano Beck’s program of research (jn postpartum depression (PPD) and advance
the thesis that her theory of PPD. titled Teetering on tbe Edge, is an exemplar of a substantive
midrange nursing theory. We demonstrate Beck s progression from identification of a clin-
ical problem to exploratory-descriptive research, to concept analysis and midrange theory
development, and fmally to the application and testing of the theory in the clinical setting,
riirough ongoing refmement and testing of her theory. Beek has increased its genenilizabitity
across various practice settings and continually identifies new issues for investigation. Beck’s
program of research on PPD exemplifies using nursing outcomes to build and test nursing
practice knowledge. Key words; Cheryl Tatano Beck, middle range theory, nursing prac-
tice theory, nursing outcomes, nursing theory, pnstpartutn depression

IN today’s world of evidence-based nurs-ing and kmm’ledge utilization, few ques-
tion the centrality of theory to nursing knowl-
edge deveiopment and the importance of that
process to the ongoing evoltition of the dis-
cipline. Although even Florence Nightingale
knew that the practice of nursing requires
specialized, discipline-specific knowledge,’ it
would be several decades before the science
of nursing had evolved sufficiently to sys-
tematically develop that knowledge. In the
early part of the last century, nursing prac-
tice knowledge took the form of “rules, prin-
ciples, and traditions”‘̂ P ‘̂*^ derived from ex-

From the Faculty of Nursing, llniuersity of Alberta,
Edmonton, AH (Ms iMsiuk), and the CoUege of
Nursing. University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK
(Ms Ferguson), Canada.

Corrvsfxmding author: Gerri C. Lasiuk, MN, RN. Faculty
of Nursing. Uniivrsity of Alberta, .ird Floor, Clinical Sci-
ences lildg, Edmonton. AB, Canada T6G 2G3 (e-mail:
gerri. lasiuk ® ualbertu. ca).

perience and taught by rote. Tlie compe-
tent practitioner needed only a caring dis-
position coupled with a handful of techni-
cal skills, which were taught in hospital-based
apprenticeship-training programs. The little
theoretical knowledge that did exist in nurs-
ing was co-opted from other disciplines.

This situation began to change when the
public health movement took hold in the
Western world. By 1913, the National League
for Nursing Education in the United States

Advances in Nurstng Science
Vol. 28, No. 2, pp. t37-151
© 2005 Uppineott WUUams & Wilkins, tnc.

Development of
Situation-specific Theories
An Integrative Approach

Eun-Ok Im, PhD, MPH, RN, CNS

One type of “ready-to-wear” theories that can bring about better nursing care outcomes re-
gardless of their philosophical bases is situation-specific theories proposed hy Im and Mt-lcis
in 1999. In this paper, sonic propositions tor an Lntejtnitive approach to the deveiopment of
situation-specific iheorics are made. First, situation-specific theories are described as practice
theories while they arc compared with middie-range theories. Then the integrative approach
is detailed, wliich includes («) checking assumptions for theory development; {h) exploritig
thnnigh multiple sources; (t) theorizing; and (cf) reporting, sharing, and validating. Finally, the
paper concltides with suggestions for furtlier development of the integrative approach. Key
wortls: iutearatii’e cipprruich, nursing theoiy, sittialion-specific theory, lbeor)> development

ACROSS disciplines, scholars can nowsympathize with the epistemic plural-
ism that is the practical philosophy of most
working scientists in general.’ Until recently,
scholars believed iti the unity of scientific
knowledge, and they accepted its fragmen-
tation only as a pragmatic necessit>’. How-
ever, these days, scholars are quite happy to
go along with philosophical plurality across
many disciplines.^

Nursing history also shows the same
changes toward epistemic pluralism in the-
oretical and philosopliical thinking. In the
1950s, under the tremendous influences of
logical positivism, grand theories were de-
veloped and used to answer questions on
the nature, mission, and goals of nursing,

From the School of Nursing, University of Texas at
Austin, Austin, Tex.

The author acknowledges tbe expertise, feedback, and
support of Drs Afaf I. Meleis and Lorraine Walker
in the dvivlopment of ideas and preparation of this

Convsponding author: Eu7i-Ok Im. PhD, MPH, RN, CNS.
.School of Nursing. University of Texas at Austin, 1700
Red Riivr. Austin, TX 78701 (e-mail: [email protected].

and nursing scholars and theorists believed
in the unity of nursing knowledge. In the
1960s-1980s, metatheoreticai questions on
the types and contents of theories were
asked and argtied, yet their philosophical ba-
sis was still empiricism.̂ ‘”^ From the mid-
dle of the 1980s onward, tremendous efforts
in concept development were made with
the introduction of qualitative philosophi-
cal thinking.”‘” From the beginning of the
1990s, numerous middle-range theories were
developed and published,’^”‘^ and philosoph-
ical pluntlism in theoretical nursing became
more prominent.’-“” Tlirough these histori

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i am having the hardest time correcting order number 1774868. I am stuff on this part;
The Tidal Theory
This book presents a theory of mental health to the professionals who have to deal with, day in and day out, stresses in their workplace. Phil Barker and Poppy Buchanan published the Tidal Theory.
The problems of being human is based on self-reflection. This is where self-esteem, self-image, and self-concepts are studied, which leads to possible conclusions being drawn based on the phenomenon variables. In addition to information being collected on data as conducted in the study groups. reflected in a glass, darkly where the individuals makes the sense of themselves by asking themselves who they are and their purpose in the world . This is the look in a mirror analogy where our reflections tell more about us and makes us ask ourselves many questions and answer then in turn; Psychiatry and the colonisation of self, which gives a range of setting in biological experience, genetic make-up, cognitive in mind set-up and factors of socialization helping in explaining the personal story of psychiatric setting; Neuroscientific triumphalism, peoples characterises and traits problems based on biochemical imbalance or the brain chemistry continues to subject our culture ,amazingly chemistry will explain our tongue slip in the near future; mental illness as a metaphor where the aspect of cultural antecedents, problem of leaving, colonisation and power are solely discussed to show the degree of mental illness in respect to the care model to be adopted in solving this problem (Barker & Buchanan-Barker, 2004).

I actually have corrected the section above that to the best of my ability.
according to grammerly it is a lot left. The information is also not cited. it needs to be cited completely. that entire paragraph i posted was a run on sentence.
There are a lot of mistakes.
Please go through the entire paper and check on the grammar as well.